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Individual Income and Payroll Taxes

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2022 state income tax rates and brackets 2022 state individual income tax rates and brackets data map

Marginal Tax Rates and Economic Opportunity

Research has shown that spikes in tax rates can act as barriers to upward mobility. High marginal tax rates might directly influence the decisions workers make about accepting a raise, working additional hours, or whether they might remain on government benefits.

8 min read
Europe tax burden on labor Europe 2022 tax wedge

Tax Burden on Labor in Europe

To make the taxation of labor more efficient, policymakers should understand the inputs into the tax wedge, and taxpayers should understand how their tax burden funds government services.

3 min read
tax wedge US tax burden on labor payroll tax burden an average wage worker with no children tax burden

The U.S. Tax Burden on Labor, 2022

Although the U.S. has a progressive tax system and a relatively low tax burden compared to the OECD average, average-wage workers still pay nearly 30 percent of their wages in taxes.

4 min read
Kansas tax cuts what about kansas tax experiment (kansas experiment about brownback tax cuts)

Two Dozen States Show Why the Kansas Critique of Income Tax Cuts Is Mistaken

The Kansas experience is so infamous that “what about Kansas?” is almost guaranteed to be a question—sometimes as a retort, but often a genuine expression of concern—any time any state explores tax relief. But what about the other two dozen states that have cut their income taxes since then?

6 min read
section 179 expensing state tax conformity section 168 Oklahoma State Capital Building

Oklahoma Should Prioritize Pro-Growth Relief, Not Gimmicky Rebate Checks

If Sooner State policymakers want to use a portion of their higher revenues to make the economy work better for all Oklahomans, they should consider repealing the franchise tax, trimming the income tax, or both—paired, if desired, with targeted aid to those in the greatest need—not writing a single round of gimmicky checks.

5 min read
2023 state tax reform and relief trend continues

States’ Taxes Go Flat

In more than 100 years of state income taxes, only four states have ever moved from a graduated-rate income tax to a flat tax. Another four may adopt flat tax legislation just this year. We discuss what flat taxes are, what they mean for taxpayers, and why so many states are making a push for them this year.

Biden tax compliance plan to improve IRS funding and tax enforcement to improve tax collection

Tax Filing Season: Options for Improvement

Efforts to improve the taxpayer experience should focus on the IRS’s operations and include structural improvements to the tax code.

4 min read
Explore the three basic tax types on what you buy, earn, and own.

The Three Basic Tax Types

The better you understand taxes, the better equipped you are to make decisions about them. All taxes can be divided into three basic types: taxes on what you buy, taxes on what you earn, and taxes on what you own.

Missouri flat income tax reform Missouri income tax reform Missouri Should Consider Flat Income Tax in Special Session

Missouri Tax Reform Could Give State Competitive Edge

Tax reform has become a major focus for state legislatures this session, and Missouri lawmakers are tuned in to the action: after adjusting individual income tax triggers in 2021, the legislature is exploring further tax reform options.

6 min read