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The Tax Foundation is the world’s leading independent tax policy 501(c)(3) nonprofit. For over 80 years, our mission has remained the same: to improve lives through tax policies that lead to greater economic growth and opportunity.

Our Center for Federal Tax PolicyCenter for State Tax Policy, and Center for Global Tax Policy each produce timely and high-quality research and analysis that influences the debate toward economically principled tax policies. Our experts are continuously analyzing the day’s most relevant tax policy topics and are relied upon routinely for presentations, testimony, and media appearances on tax issues spanning every level of government.

Likewise, providing journalists, taxpayers, and policymakers with basic data on taxes and spending has been a cornerstone of the Tax Foundation’s educational mission since its founding. As we wrote in our first edition of Facts & Figures in 1941, “Facts give a broader perspective; facts dissipate predilections and prejudices…[and are] an important step to meet the challenge presented by the broad problems of public finance.”

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1239 Results
Germany trade tax rates

Trade Tax Rates in Germany

Varying local trade tax rates impact business investment and local government revenue across Germany’s municipalities.

4 min read
State gross receipts taxes by state 2024

Gross Receipts Taxes by State, 2024

Gross receipts taxes impose costs on consumers, workers, and shareholders alike. Shifting from these economically damaging taxes can thus be a part of states’ plans for improving their tax codes in an increasingly competitive tax landscape.

7 min read
Digital services taxes in Europe by country 2024 digital taxes in Europe otherwise known as DSTs in Europe

Digital Services Taxes in Europe, 2024

About half of all European OECD countries have either announced, proposed, or implemented a DST. Because these taxes mainly impact U.S. companies and are thus perceived as discriminatory, the United States responded to the policies with retaliatory tariff threats, urging countries to abandon unilateral measures.

4 min read
Estate taxes inheritance taxes and gift taxes in Europe 2024

Estate, Inheritance, and Gift Taxes in Europe, 2024

As tempting as inheritance, estate, and gift taxes might look—especially when the OECD notes them as a way to reduce wealth inequality—their limited capacity to collect revenue and their negative impact on entrepreneurial activity, saving, and work should make policymakers consider their repeal instead of boosting them.

2 min read
2024 state capital gains tax rates on long term capital gains

State Tax Rates on Long-Term Capital Gains, 2024

Savings and investment are critical activities, both for individuals’ and families’ financial security and for the health of the national economy as a whole. As such, policymakers should consider how they can help mitigate—rather than add to—tax codes’ biases against saving and investment.  

5 min read
Dividend Tax Rates in Europe 2023

Dividend Tax Rates in Europe, 2023

In many countries, corporate profits are subject to two layers of taxation: the corporate income tax at the entity level when the corporation earns income, and the dividend tax or capital gains tax at the individual level when that income is passed to its shareholders as either dividends or capital gains.

2 min read
Economic Nexus Tax Treatment by State, 2024

Economic Nexus Treatment by State, 2024

Reforming economic nexus thresholds would not only be better for businesses but for states as well. It is more cost-effective for states to focus on—and simplify—compliance for a reasonable number of sellers than to impose rules that have low compliance and are costly to administer. 

4 min read
Summary of the Latest Federal Income Tax Data, 2024 Update

Summary of the Latest Federal Income Tax Data, 2024 Update

The 2021 tax year was the fourth since the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) made many significant, but temporary, changes to the individual income tax code to lower tax rates, widen brackets, increase the standard deduction and child tax credit, and more.

9 min read
2024 Capital Gains Tax Rates in Europe, Capital Gains Tax Rates by Country Data

Capital Gains Tax Rates in Europe, 2024

In many European countries, investment income, such as dividends and capital gains, is taxed at a different rate than wage income.

2 min read
2024 wealth taxes in Europe compare wealth taxes by country

Wealth Taxes in Europe, 2024

Only three European countries levy a net wealth tax—Norway, Spain, and Switzerland. France and Italy levy wealth taxes on selected assets.

4 min read