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Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)

The earned income tax credit (EITC) is a targeted subsidy for low-income working families. It was enacted in 1975 as a temporary credit to help low-income workers with children.
The value of the EITC is a fixed percentage of a household’s earned income until the credit reaches its maximum. The EITC stays at its maximum value as a household’s earned income continues to increase, until earnings reach a phaseout threshold, above which the credit falls by a fixed percentage for each additional dollar of income over the phaseout threshold. The EITC is a fully refundable credit.

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Personal Income Tax Adjusts for Inflation, But It Could Do Better

In times of inflation, a review of the tax code shows that some provisions are automatically indexed, or adjusted, to match inflation, while others are not. And that creates unfair burdens for taxpayers. But it’s not always as simple as just “adjusting for inflation.”