Consideration of a New Gross Receipts Tax Moves Forward in Oregon
May 4, 2017
Update: House Democrats, led by Speaker Tina Kotek, have proposed setting the gross receipts tax rate at 0.95 percent for sales in excess of $5 million.
Speaker Tina Kotek (D) and Senate President Peter Courtney (D) recently announced the creation of a Joint Committee on Tax Reform to examine Oregon’s current corporate income tax structure. The new committee hopes to help close the state’s $1.6 billion budget deficit, while adding stability and predictability to Oregon’s tax code and tax base. During its first hearing this week, the committee was presented with a framework for business tax reform. The plan, if adopted by the committee, would work to establish a gross receipts tax in Oregon.
The framework is the conclusion of several months of private negotiations of a tax working group led by Senator Mark Hass (D). It includes several key components:
- Establish an Ohio-style gross receipts tax
- Repeal the corporate income tax
- Reduce individual income taxes
However, the details would still need to be finalized. The committee was presented with revenue options for a gross receipts tax with rates ranging from 0.25 percent to 1 percent, starting on January 1, 2018. It would apply to sales in excess of $1 million.
|Source: Oregon Legislative Revenue Office|
|Millions of Dollars|
Rate of .25%
Rate of .5%
Rate of .75%
Rate of 1%
The information provided by the Legislative Revenue Office (LRO) described the potential side effects of establishing a gross receipts tax: “…gross receipts taxes generally put upward pressure on consumer prices. Because the ratio of consumption to income falls as income rises, consumption taxes are generally regressive.” The LRO also provided industry impacts under a proposed gross receipts tax. As expected, the manufacturing, retail, and wholesale industries would be the most impacted. These three industries would bear 60 percent of the cost of the new tax.
The framework would also envision repealing the state’s corporate income tax. In the 2019-21 biennium, that repeal would cost just north of $1 billion. Setting the gross receipts tax rate would need to account for the loss of this revenue source.
The framework as presented would seek to mitigate the regressive nature of the gross receipts tax by reducing individual income taxes. Four options were presented to the committee: reducing individual income tax rates, increasing the standard deduction, increasing the personal exemption credit, or expanding the Earned Income Tax Credit.
This framework is far from a done deal. A number of important questions must be answered, such as what the gross receipts tax rate would be and the economic impacts of such a tax swap. It’s also not clear that the committee would endorse a gross receipts tax. Objections from Republicans in the legislature and the Oregon business community were swift, though many other groups rallied to its defense.
Oregon continues to flirt with gross receipts taxes, even with the substantial downsides. This is a much more thoughtful proposal than Measure 97, but the inclusion of a gross receipts tax is still quite worrisome.