How Is Your State’s Road Spending Funded? (2016)
June 15, 2016
The share of infrastructure expenditures funded by tolls, user fees, and user taxes ranges from 14.3 percent in Alaska to 79.8 percent in Hawaii. Within the continental United States, Florida relies the most on dedicated transportation revenues (72.1 percent), while Wyoming (25.8 percent) relies on them the least.
States that substantially export their taxes (like Alaska and Wyoming, where severance taxes account for a considerable share of state revenue) keep transportation taxes low in the same way they keep all taxes on state residents low, by—in significant part—generating revenue through the states’ extractive industries. Beyond that, however, states run the gamut. As Joe Henchman Gasoline taxes are often politically unpopular, but actually pass the benefits test quite well compared to most taxes. States should seek to fund infrastructure from user taxes and fees to the greatest degree possible, internalizing the costs associated with the utilization of states’ transportation grids.
For a map of state gasoline tax rates, click here.