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Tax Burden on Labor in Europe 2024 taxing wages tax wedge

Tax Burden on Labor in Europe, 2024

To make the taxation of labor more efficient, policymakers should understand the inputs into the tax wedge, and taxpayers should understand how their tax burden funds government services.

4 min read
Germany trade tax rates

Trade Tax Rates in Germany

Varying local trade tax rates impact business investment and local government revenue across Germany’s municipalities.

4 min read
Digital services taxes in Europe by country 2024 digital taxes in Europe otherwise known as DSTs in Europe

Digital Services Taxes in Europe, 2024

About half of all European OECD countries have either announced, proposed, or implemented a DST. Because these taxes mainly impact U.S. companies and are thus perceived as discriminatory, the United States responded to the policies with retaliatory tariff threats, urging countries to abandon unilateral measures.

4 min read
Estate taxes inheritance taxes and gift taxes in Europe 2024

Estate, Inheritance, and Gift Taxes in Europe, 2024

As tempting as inheritance, estate, and gift taxes might look—especially when the OECD notes them as a way to reduce wealth inequality—their limited capacity to collect revenue and their negative impact on entrepreneurial activity, saving, and work should make policymakers consider their repeal instead of boosting them.

2 min read
Dividend Tax Rates in Europe 2023

Dividend Tax Rates in Europe, 2024

In many countries, corporate profits are subject to two layers of taxation: the corporate income tax at the entity level when the corporation earns income, and the dividend tax or capital gains tax at the individual level when that income is passed to its shareholders as either dividends or capital gains.

2 min read
2024 Capital Gains Tax Rates in Europe, Capital Gains Tax Rates by Country Data

Capital Gains Tax Rates in Europe, 2024

In many European countries, investment income, such as dividends and capital gains, is taxed at a different rate than wage income.

2 min read
2024 wealth taxes in Europe compare wealth taxes by country

Wealth Taxes in Europe, 2024

Only three European countries levy a net wealth tax—Norway, Spain, and Switzerland. France and Italy levy wealth taxes on selected assets.

4 min read
2024 Top Personal Income Tax Rates in Europe

Top Personal Income Tax Rates in Europe, 2024

Denmark (55.9 percent), France (55.4 percent), and Austria (55 percent) have the highest top statutory personal income tax rates among European OECD countries.

3 min read
2024 VAT rates in Europe, including value-added tax or 2024 EU VAT rates data

VAT Rates in Europe, 2024

A few European countries have made changes to their VAT rates, including the Czech Republic, Estonia, Switzerland, and Turkey.

3 min read
2024 corporate tax rates in Europe and 2024 corporate income tax rates in Europe

Corporate Income Tax Rates in Europe, 2024

Like most regions around the world, European countries have experienced a decline in corporate income tax rates over the past four decades, but the average corporate income tax rate has leveled off in recent years.

2 min read
2023 European Tax Policy Scorecard Tax Foundation Europe

2023 European Tax Policy Scorecard

The variety of approaches to taxation among European countries creates a need to evaluate these systems relative to each other. For that purpose, we have developed the European Tax Policy Scorecard—a relative comparison of European countries’ tax systems.

52 min read
Real Property Taxes in Europe as of 2023 Tax Foundation European OECD Data of Real Property Tax Rates in Europe

Real Property Taxes in Europe

High property taxes levied not only on land but also on buildings and structures can discourage investment in infrastructure, which businesses would have to pay additional tax on.

2 min read