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Tax Foundation Europe Research

Tax Foundation Europe produces research and analysis specifically designed to inform five key debates in European tax policy: the concept of tax fairness, the twin transitions of the green and digital economies, government revenue and own resources, competitiveness and productivity, and the future of taxation in Europe.

One of our flagship tools is the European Tax Policy Scorecard (ETPS), which compares the competitiveness and neutrality of each country’s tax system, explains why certain tax codes stand out as better or worse models for reform, and measures the relative impact of EU tax policy on Member States. Explore the ETPS

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Global Tax Deal   |   European Tax Maps   |   Digital Taxes   |   Carbon Taxes   |   Cost Recovery

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All European Research

22 Results
2023 European Tax Policy Scorecard Tax Foundation Europe

2023 European Tax Policy Scorecard

The variety of approaches to taxation among European countries creates a need to evaluate these systems relative to each other. For that purpose, we have developed the European Tax Policy Scorecard—a relative comparison of European countries’ tax systems.

52 min read
UK capital allowances UK cost recovery and UK super deduction tax policy

After the UK Super-Deduction: Assessing Proposals for the Reform of Capital Allowances

For many years, the UK has adopted a strikingly ungenerous approach to capital cost recovery – the ability of firms to write off investment against tax. This has coincided with consistently low levels of business investment. The super-deduction, which has temporarily made the UK tax system much more supportive of capital investment in plant and machinery is set to expire.

34 min read
UK tax reform, 2021 budget UK 2021 budget, UK corporate tax reform, UK corporation tax rate

Marginal Effective Tax Rates and the 2021 UK Budget

The 2021 UK budget introduces a two-year super-deduction of 130 percent for plant and equipment and a delayed corporate tax rate increase from 19 percent to 25 percent in 2023. These policies have differential impacts on marginal effective tax rates for different assets, implying investment incentives will not be uniform.

15 min read
EU tax research The European Commission and the Taxation of the Digital Economy EU digital levy

The European Commission and the Taxation of the Digital Economy

The consultation on the EU’s digital levy provides an opportunity for policymakers and taxpayers to reflect on the underlying issues of digital taxation and potential consequences from a digital levy. Unless the EU digital levy is designed with an OECD agreement in mind, it is likely to cause more uncertainty in cross-border tax policy.

12 min read

Looking Back on 30 Years of Carbon Taxes in Sweden

Implemented in 1991, Sweden’s carbon tax was one of the first in the world. Since then, Sweden’s carbon emissions have been declining, while there has been steady economic growth. Today, Sweden levies the highest carbon tax rate in the world and its carbon tax revenues have been decreasing slightly over the last decade.

21 min read
United Kingdom Corporate Tax Reform

There Is More Than Meets the Eye When Analyzing the UK’s Corporate Tax Cut

When taking a closer look at the UK’s recent corporate tax reform experiment, it becomes clear that there was significantly more at work than just a simple rate cut. Increasing the effective marginal tax rate on new investments could have had a negative effect on wages, potentially offsetting the positive effects from the corporate rate cut.

4 min read