Tomorrow at AEI, the TaxA tax is a mandatory payment or charge collected by local, state, and national governments from individuals or businesses to cover the costs of general government services, goods, and activities. Foundation and AEI are jointly hosting an event that takes a look at the issue of progressive consumption taxA consumption tax is typically levied on the purchase of goods or services and is paid directly or indirectly by the consumer in the form of retail sales taxes, excise taxes, tariffs, value-added taxes (VAT), or an income tax where all savings is tax-deductible. es. The Tax Foundation's Bob Carroll will be a discussant, as will Tax Policy Center's Len Burman. Burman has a new tax reform proposal that is rather bold, but would move the tax code in the direction that it needs (broader tax baseThe tax base is the total amount of income, property, assets, consumption, transactions, or other economic activity subject to taxation by a tax authority. A narrow tax base is non-neutral and inefficient. A broad tax base reduces tax administration costs and allows more revenue to be raised at lower rates. and lower marginal rates). Here are some of Burman's tax reform's main features courtesy of the outline here:
The tax reform package combines a VAT dedicated to paying for health care with individual and corporate income taxA corporate income tax (CIT) is levied by federal and state governments on business profits. Many companies are not subject to the CIT because they are taxed as pass-through businesses, with income reportable under the individual income tax. cuts including lower rates and a broader base (and elimination of the AMT).
The income tax reforms would broaden the tax base, lower tax rates, and eliminate the AMT.
There would be two individual income taxAn individual income tax (or personal income tax) is levied on the wages, salaries, investments, or other forms of income an individual or household earns. The U.S. imposes a progressive income tax where rates increase with income. The Federal Income Tax was established in 1913 with the ratification of the 16th Amendment. Though barely 100 years old, individual income taxes are the largest source of tax revenue in the U.S. rates: 15 percent and 25 percent. Most taxpayers would be in the 15-percent bracket. The corporate tax rate would be set equal to the top individual income tax rate.
The mortgage interest and IRA deductions would be replaced with an automatic 15-percent credit paid to taxpayers based on information returns filed by financial institutions. The deduction for charitable contributions would be replaced by a matching grant paid directly to qualifying nonprofits. (Taxpayers in the 25-percent bracket could still claim a deduction, but they would add the automatic subsidies to their taxes due.) The deductibility for state and local taxes and exclusion for employer-sponsored insurance would be eliminated. Education tax incentives would be replaced with expanded Pell grants and subsidized student loans.
The child tax creditA tax credit is a provision that reduces a taxpayer’s final tax bill, dollar-for-dollar. A tax credit differs from deductions and exemptions, which reduce taxable income, rather than the taxpayer’s tax bill directly. , the child-related portion of the earned income tax credit, the adoption tax credit, and the child and dependent care tax credit would be replaced by a $2,000 per child fully refundable tax creditA refundable tax credit can be used to generate a federal tax refund larger than the amount of tax paid throughout the year. In other words, a refundable tax credit creates the possibility of a negative federal tax liability. An example of a refundable tax credit is the Earned Income Tax Credit. . The work subsidy in the EITC would be replaced with a 30-percent refundable payroll taxA payroll tax is a tax paid on the wages and salaries of employees to finance social insurance programs like Social Security, Medicare, and unemployment insurance. Payroll taxes are social insurance taxes that comprise 24.8 percent of combined federal, state, and local government revenue, the second largest source of that combined tax revenue. credit on the first $10,000 of earnings for each adult worker. For those not required to file, credits would be paid in advance through employers or deposited into "smart card" by IRS after information returns are processed.
Most tax scholars on both the right and left would say that such a reform is the type of direction we should be headed in. But given the rhetoric that has been spouted on the campaign trail for the past few months on tax policy, could you imagine the half-truth filled attacks that would be leveled at presidential candidate Burman if he were a candidate that proposed such a plan? I think the ad would go something like this:
Did you know that Len Burman wants to tax your health insurance for the first time ever?
Did you know that Len Burman favors socialist policies that would give welfare to those who pay no taxes?
Did you know that Len Burman wants to give big corporations huge tax breaks, some of which ship American jobs overseas?
Did you know that at a time when housing prices continue to plunge pushing the U.S. into financial turmoil, Len Burman wants to take away your mortgage interest deductionThe mortgage interest deduction is an itemized deduction for interest paid on home mortgages. It reduces households’ taxable incomes and, consequently, their total taxes paid. The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act reduced the amount of principal and limited the types of loans that qualify for the deduction. and your ability to deduct those high property taxA property tax is primarily levied on immovable property like land and buildings, as well as on tangible personal property that is movable, like vehicles and equipment. Property taxes are the single largest source of state and local revenue in the U.S. and help fund schools, roads, police, and other services. es you are paying?
Did you know that Len Burman wants to eliminate tax credits for hard-working Americans like you that are struggling to afford the ever-rising costs of college tuition?
Did you know that Len Burman favors taxing your electricity and raising the price you pay at the pump?
That's not the kind of reform we need. I'll fight Washington insiders like Burman who are out of touch with main street America. I promise cutting taxes for families like yours who can't afford the higher taxes you'll be paying under my opponent's plan? I'm John McBama and I approve this message.