Famed Liberal Economist Casts Doubt on Obama’s Health Care Financing
September 4, 2009
Eminent economist and liberal icon Henry Aaron of the Brookings Institution has written in the New England Journal of Medicine that financing universal health care as Pres. Obama and the House have defined it is nigh impossible in this economy.
The current tax proposals to partially fund the health care expansion are two, President Obama’s and Speaker Pelosi’s (HR 3200). They both rely on raising the top two income tax rates from 33 and 35 percent to 36 and 39.6 percent to get some revenue, but then they differ.
President Obama wants to cap the value of itemized deductions at 28 percent. People who pay taxes at the 33 or 35 percent rates (soon to be 36 and 39.6 percent) wouldn’t get the usual deductions on their federal income tax returns when they list their home mortgage interest, their state-local tax deduction, their charitable gifts, etc.
The House bill leaves those deductions intact; in fact, the value of those deductions would increase for high-income people when their tax rates go up. Instead of curtailing deductions, the House would impose surtaxes on top of the higher tax rates, ranging from 1 to 5.4 percent.
Even these ideas don’t fund the public health plans that Democratic lawmakers want, and Aaron dismisses the idea that Senate Democrats can easily push aside Republican ideas and adopt a “go it alone” strategy. He cites one especially daunting obstacle:
The most formidable is the “Byrd rule,” which authorizes any senator to raise a point of order against “extraneous” provisions, which include those that boost deficits during the period of the budget resolution – 5 years for most elements of the 2009 resolution – or in any year thereafter. Any provision that does not affect revenues or mandatory spending is also extraneous. To overcome such points of order requires 60 votes, the same number needed to end a filibuster.
Aaron wistfully mentions the virtue of a value-added tax but quickly acknowledges that it’s a political non-starter:
Even at modest rates, an earmarked VAT could easily pay for health care reform. But no president, including Barack Obama, has embraced this revenue source, and few members of Congress have shown interest in using it.
Finally, he advises Democrats to dial back their wish list because, “The full reform agenda may be beyond immediate political reach.”
Was this page helpful to you?
The Tax Foundation works hard to provide insightful tax policy analysis. Our work depends on support from members of the public like you. Would you consider contributing to our work?Contribute to the Tax Foundation
Let us know how we can better serve you!
We work hard to make our analysis as useful as possible. Would you consider telling us more about how we can do better?Give Us Feedback