Texas Continues Nationwide Trend Away from Gross Receipts Taxes
May 31, 2013
Lawmakers in Texas have voted a bill along to Governor Rick Perry that starts to make limitations to the state’s problematic Margin Tax. HB 500 makes permanent the $1 million exemption level on the tax, and decreases the rate from the current 1 percent to 0.95 percent. Both reforms help to curb some of the destructive nature of the tax, which is based on gross receipts.
This change comes in the wake of the repeal and replacement of the Michigan Business Tax (another gross-receipts tax) last year with a flat corporate income tax, a move which improved the state’s score in the corporate component of our State Business Tax Climate Index from 49th to 7th. Virginia gubernatorial candidates this year are recommending cutting or eliminating that state’s Business Professional Occupational License (BPOL) tax.
Texas’ Margin Tax took full effect in 2008, and has been highly unpopular in the business community since then. We have previously chronicled the problems with calculating the cryptic tax here, and we’ve written extensively on the economic problems of gross receipts taxes. The biggest problem with gross receipts taxes (though there are many) is that they are like a sales tax that is levied at every point along the production chain, meaning that industries with long supply chains get disproportionately burdened by them. This creates a host of distortions in the economy, and is a serious transparency issue, as the true tax burden is baked into the price of products as they move through the production structure.
I hope other states are watching this move. Texas has a very competitive tax code and good environment for business, and other states seem to notice this. But sometimes politicians suggest mimicking the state’s Margin Tax, which is a highly destructive part of an otherwise good code. This move by Perry demonstrates what those of us in the tax world already know—the Margin Tax experiment is failing.
Follow Scott Drenkard on Twitter @ScottDrenkard.