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Tax Foundation Discussion on the Harms of Retaliatory Tax and Trade Policies with Senator Blackburn

Tax Foundation Discussion on the Harms of Retaliatory Tax and Trade Policies

Historical evidence and recent studies have shown that retaliatory tax and trade proposals raise prices and reduce the quantity of goods and services available to U.S. businesses and consumers, resulting in lower incomes, reduced employment, and lower economic output.

5 min read
2017 tax reform including the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act TCJA impact of GILTI FDII and BEAT

The Impact of GILTI, FDII, and BEAT

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (TCJA) reformed the U.S. system for taxing international corporate income. Understanding the impact of TCJA’s international provisions thus far can help lawmakers consider how to approach international tax policy in the coming years.

30 min read
global tax agreement global tax deal OECD global minimum tax rules corporate minimum tax rules Secretariat Proposal, OECD Public Consultation Document, Unified Approach under pillar one profit shifting definition tax planning and avoidance foreign direct investment FDI global tax deal impact of global tax agreement OECD international tax proposal

The Latest on the Global Tax Agreement

The agreement represents a major change for tax competition, and many countries will be rethinking their tax policies for multinationals.

7 min read
Tax competition and the global minimum tax: the latest on the global tax agreement at the OECD

What’s Next for Tax Competition?

The rules of tax competition are changing with the recent agreement on a global minimum tax and other changes to tax rules around the world, but that does not mean the contest is over.

5 min read

Assessing the EU Tax Observatory’s View on Profit Shifting and the Global Minimum Tax

The EU Tax Observatory has taken an extreme view in assessing the global minimum tax. The rules were not meant to immediately reduce the stock of shifted profits or align profitability levels more closely with employment costs. The rules do change incentives for multinationals, but profits may continue to remain in low-tax jurisdictions for many years.

6 min read
CCCTB vs. BEFIT: EU Corporate Tax Base: Details & Analysis

CCCTB vs. BEFIT: How Have the Proposals Changed?

If the EU is going to harmonize its tax base, it should do so in a way that increases the efficiency and competitiveness of tax policy for the EU as a whole, and not just seek out the lowest common denominator.

5 min read
Pillar One US Treasury Consultation on OECD proposal for public review input and comments

Five Takeaways from the New Pillar One Documents

The OECD recently released a trove of new documents on a draft multilateral tax treaty. The U.S. Treasury has opened a 60-day consultation period for the proposal and is requesting public review and input.

7 min read
Anti-Avoidance Policies in a Pillar Two World including CFC rules and Base erosion and Profit Shifting Pillar Two policies

Anti-Avoidance Policies in a Pillar Two World

The global minimum tax agreement known as Pillar Two is intended to curb profit shifting. However, OECD countries already have a variety of mechanisms in place that seek to prevent base erosion and profit shifting by multinational corporations.

40 min read
OECD global tax deal Pillar Two revenue estimate by country of annual and average corporate tax revenue

Select Country-Level Revenue Estimates for Pillar Two

Pillar Two implementation is underway in many jurisdictions, and many governments are aiming to get their proposals approved before the end of 2023. However, estimating Pillar Two’s impact on government revenue is proving difficult. As a result, only a few countries have publicly presented their findings.

7 min read
It Pays to Keep It Simple including for Tax Compliance and Tax Revenue in the form of Tax Simplicity

It Pays to Keep It Simple

Simplicity in the tax code means taxes should be easy for taxpayers to pay and easy for governments to administer and collect.

Details and analysis of European Tax Trends and European Tax Reforms

Tax Trends in European Countries

In recent years, European countries have undertaken a series of tax reforms designed to maintain tax revenue levels while protecting households and businesses from high inflation.

8 min read
EU BEFIT proposal for Business in Europe Framework for Income Taxation

BEFIT: One-Stop-Shop or One-More-Stop?

On 12 September, the European Commission released a proposal called “Business in Europe: Framework for Income Taxation” (BEFIT) and two associated proposals on transfer pricing and a Head of Office tax system.

6 min read
US Pillar Two responses should include a policy response from Congress on the OECD global tax deal's global minimum tax

How the U.S. Can Piece Together a Solution for Pillar Two

Congress should recognize that Pillar Two has significant U.S.-specific downsides, but also that it cannot unilaterally stop Pillar Two from taking effect. Instead, it should carefully consider a policy response for the next Congress, when a variety of forces are likely to compel it to act.

7 min read
Risks to the U.S. Tax Base from Pillar Two

Risks to the U.S. Tax Base from Pillar Two

A growing international tax agreement known as Pillar Two presents two new threats to the U.S. tax base: potential lost revenue and limitations on Congress’s ability to set its own tax policy.

39 min read
UN tax cooperation efforts Tax Foundation response on cross border trade and investment United Nations general assembly

Global Tax Tug of War: Comparing the UN and OECD Approaches

The United Nations (UN) is preparing to flex its muscles on international tax policy. Several developing countries say the OECD’s approach favors richer countries at their expense, and the UN hopes to fix this.

5 min read