Center for State Tax Policy

Business Property Taxes

The property tax is a tax on the market value of privately owned property, including land, cars, business inventory, etc. Although the property tax is the principal source of revenue for localities, broad consensus has not been reached on the basic issue of whether property taxes are regressive, proportional or progressive. Property tax liability is calculated by multiplying the nominal property tax rate by the assessment ratio (the percentage of the value of the property that is taxed) by the value of the property.


Featured Research

2023 State Business Tax Climate Index

October 25, 2022

State Tax Ballot Measures to Watch on Election Day 2022

October 24, 2022

Where Do People Pay the Most in Property Taxes?

September 13, 2022

Unpacking the State and Local Tax Toolkit: Sources of State and Local Tax Collections (FY 2020)

August 25, 2022

State Legislatures Take Up Tax Reform and Relief in 2022

March 29, 2022

Facts & Figures 2022: How Does Your State Compare?

March 29, 2022


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