Skip to content

Ripe for Reform: Improper EITC Payments Exceed $11 Billion per Year

1 min readBy: William McBride

According to the latest report from the Treasury Inspector General for TaxA tax is a mandatory payment or charge collected by local, state, and national governments from individuals or businesses to cover the costs of general government services, goods, and activities. Administration (TIGTA), the IRS is still not compliant with Executive Order 13520 to reduce improper earned income tax creditA tax credit is a provision that reduces a taxpayer’s final tax bill, dollar-for-dollar. A tax credit differs from deductions and exemptions, which reduce taxable income, rather than the taxpayer’s tax bill directly. (EITC) payments:

The IRS has made little improvement in reducing improper Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) payments since being required to report estimates of these payments to Congress. The IRS’s Fiscal Year 2012 improper payment report to TIGTA indicates that EITC payments totaled nearly $62 billion. The IRS estimated that 21 to 25 percent of the EITC payments made in Fiscal Year 2012 were paid in error.

In its Fiscal Year 2012 Agency Financial Report, the Department of the Treasury identified a number of factors that continue to serve as barriers to reducing improper payments in the EITC program. These include:

  • Complexity of the tax law, including the need for congressional authorization of math error authority.
  • Structure of the EITC.
  • Confusion among eligible claimants.
  • High turnover of eligible claimants.
  • Unscrupulous tax return preparers.
  • Fraud.

EITC eligibility rules are complicated and cause taxpayers to make errors while attempting to interpret and apply the tax laws to their individual situations. In addition, the changing population of taxpayers who claim the EITC increases the difficulty the IRS faces in improving EITC compliance. The IRS has conducted numerous studies showing how taxpayers move in and out of the EITC program. Studies show that approximately one-third of EITC claimants each year are intermittent3 or first-time claimants. The Department of the Treasury stated that none of the six factors listed above can be considered the primary driver of EITC improper payments. The interaction among the factors makes it extremely difficult to address the credit’s improper payment rate while balancing the need to ensure that eligible taxpayers receive the credit.

Follow William McBride on Twitter