Research Publication No. 8
Foreword Recent months have seen an unparalleled debate over counter-cyclical fiscal and monetary measures. Discussion has focused on such questions as the adequacy of statistical information on the state of the economy, the degree of restraint needed to check inflationInflation is when the general price of goods and services increases across the economy, reducing the purchasing power of a currency and the value of certain assets. The same paycheck covers less goods, services, and bills. It is sometimes referred to as a “hidden tax,” as it leaves taxpayers less well-off due to higher costs and “bracket creep,” while increasing the government’s spending power. ary pressures, the kind of measures that are appropriate under present circumstances, the relative advantages of taxA tax is a mandatory payment or charge collected by local, state, and national governments from individuals or businesses to cover the costs of general government services, goods, and activities. measures, government expenditure controls, monetary restraint, voluntary restraint, and control by “guidelines.”
The purpose of this handbook is to provide a background of information and analysis that would be useful to the layman who is serious about examining the issues involved. Intelligent alternatives should be developed and discussed. Moreover, a better informed public is a necessary requirement for the, success of whatever policies are chosen for purposes of economic stability and growth, since better performance of the economy depends essentially on what happens in the private sector.
George A. Bishop, Director, Federal Affairs Research, had primary responsibility for drafting this study.Share