The Federal Budget, 1978 and Beyond: Prospects for Budget Balance
Special Report No. 44
As required by law, President Ford submitted to Congress on January 17, three days before leaving office, the Federal budget for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1978. On February 22 President Carter presented his initial revisions of the Ford budget. On April 22 the new Administration submitted further revisions, including significant changes in the February estimates, due primarily to the withdrawal of the proposed $50 rebates and other changes in the economic stimulus program, and reflecting re-estimates of budget outlay trends.
The mid-session review of the 1978 budget released July 1, 1977, however, presents by far the most detailed and definitive forecasts for 1977 and 1978 submitted to date by the new Administration . The July estimates for 1977 are based upon actual data for two-thirds of the year, and reflect earlier changes in the economic stimulus program as well as technical re-estimates. The 1978 estimates reflect the energy proposals presented by President Carter in late April, his proposals for financing the Social Security program, the budgetary impact of Congressional actions through June 30, further re-estimates based upon revised economic assumptions and other factors, and an accounting change under which earned income credits in excess of tax liabilities paid to low-income families, formerly treated as budget outlays, are now reported as income tax refunds.