California Supreme Court OKs Class-Action Tax Refund Claims, Siding with Tax Foundation Brief
July 25, 2011
Taxpayers who paid into Los Angeles’s illegally-imposed telephone user tax will get their refunds, after a ruling today from the California Supreme Court ruling in Ardon v. City of Los Angeles. Echoing a friend-of-the-court brief filed by the Tax Foundation’s Center for Legal Reform, the Court ordered the city to certify a class-action lawsuit filed by taxpayer Estuardo Ardon to refund the tax’s proceeds.
The city had insisted that every taxpayer file their own refund claim (with the city keeping any unclaimed funds). The trial court and appeals court had agreed with the city, holding that no law permitted class-action procedure in tax refund cases, and to allow it would threaten city operations. In its ruling today, however, the Court rejected that argument. Instead, they held that while governments should be permitted to collect challenged taxes before a final ruling, once a tax is declared illegal it should be refunded in any manner not precluded by state law.
This case is significant because class-action lawsuits are often the only way to ensure that illegally collected revenues are refunded to taxpayers. They offer efficiency and predictability; taxpayers need not file millions of redundant claims, and the courts can concentrate their resources on one case.
With this decision, California signals that providing taxpayers with due process is a priority. Los Angeles collects $270 million a year in telephone taxes; the exact amount that will be refunded is yet to be determined. Similar cases filed against other California cities were stayed pending the outcome of this case. Courts have held that telephone taxes based on the duration of the call without regard to distance are illegal, and in 2006, the Internal Revenue Service ceased collecting the federal tax. Los Angeles and other California cities continued to do so, leading to this litigation.
For more on the Tax Foundation’s involvement in the Ardon case, see here: