Tariffs and Trade

Historical evidence and recent studies show that tariffs raise prices and reduce available quantities of goods and services for U.S. businesses and consumers, which results in lower income, reduced employment, and lower economic output.


Featured Research

Tracking the Economic Impact of U.S. Tariffs and Retaliatory Actions

May 31, 2019

The Economic and Distributional Impact of the Trump Administration’s Tariff Actions

December 5, 2018

New Research Bolsters the Case Against Tariffs

October 29, 2018

New Analysis Shows How Input Tariffs Will Impact U.S. Manufacturing Sectors

July 16, 2018

The Impact of Trade and Tariffs on the United States

June 27, 2018

Lessons from the 2002 Bush Steel Tariffs

March 12, 2018


Related Articles

Digital Taxes, Meet Handbag Tariffs

Tax Foundation Comments on the Initiation of Section 301 Investigations of Digital Services Taxes

The U.S. Trade Representative Expands Its Digital Services Tax Investigations

New Report Finds Trade War is a Lose-Lose for U.S. and China

Tracking the Economic Impact of U.S. Tariffs and Retaliatory Actions

The Economic and Distributional Impact of the Trump Administration’s Tariff Actions

Economic Impact of Escalating Tariffs on Chinese Products

Auto Imports and Tariff Effects by Major Trading Partner

New Research Bolsters the Case Against Tariffs

New Analysis Shows How Input Tariffs Will Impact U.S. Manufacturing Sectors

Tariffs Targeting Intermediate Goods Go into Effect

Reviewing the WTO Alternatives to Imposing Broad Tariffs

The Impact of Trade and Tariffs on the United States

Update: The Impact of Enacting President Trump’s Tariffs

Automobile Tariffs Would Offset Half the TCJA Gains for Low-income Households

Fed’s “Beige Book” Highlights Widespread Concern over Tariffs

Modeling the Impact of President Trump’s Proposed Tariffs

Potential of Trade War Threatens New Tax Law’s Benefits

China Announces Retaliatory Tariffs on U.S. Goods

Proposed Chinese Tariffs Will Raise Taxes Following a Large Tax Cut