Tariffs and Trade

Historical evidence and recent studies show that tariffs raise prices and reduce available quantities of goods and services for U.S. businesses and consumers, which results in lower income, reduced employment, and lower economic output.


Featured Research

U.S.-China Trade War Hurt American Industries and Workers

May 13, 2022

Tracking the Economic Impact of U.S. Tariffs and Retaliatory Actions

April 4, 2022

Taxes, Tariffs, and Industrial Policy: How the U.S. Tax Code Fails Manufacturing

March 17, 2022

10 Tax Reforms for Growth and Opportunity

February 22, 2022

Who Really Pays the Tariffs? U.S. Firms and Consumers, Through Higher Prices

December 15, 2021

Trump-Biden Tariffs Hurt Domestic Manufacturing

December 1, 2021


Related Articles

How the Section 232 Tariffs on Steel and Aluminum Harmed the Economy

September 20, 2022

Push for Higher Taxes Is Misguided During a Time of Inflation and Looming Recession

July 27, 2022

How Tariffs and the Trade War Hurt U.S. Agriculture

July 25, 2022

Three Questions on Pillar One

July 25, 2022

Carbon Taxes in the Global Market: Changes on the Way?

June 27, 2022

U.S.-China Trade War Hurt American Industries and Workers

May 13, 2022

Remembering Senator Orrin Hatch’s Historic Tax Legacy

April 25, 2022

Tracking the Economic Impact of U.S. Tariffs and Retaliatory Actions

April 4, 2022

Biden’s Trade Agenda Should End the Trade War and Promote Free Trade

March 30, 2022

Taxes, Tariffs, and Industrial Policy: How the U.S. Tax Code Fails Manufacturing

March 17, 2022

10 Tax Reforms for Growth and Opportunity

February 22, 2022

Who Really Pays the Tariffs? U.S. Firms and Consumers, Through Higher Prices

December 15, 2021

Trump-Biden Tariffs Hurt Domestic Manufacturing

December 1, 2021

Repealing Tariffs Would Be a Simple Option to Boost U.S. Economic Growth

June 1, 2021

Options for Reforming America’s Tax Code 2.0

April 19, 2021

Digital Tax Collection Triggers New U.S. Tariffs on France

January 6, 2021

Biden Could Provide Business and Household Relief by Eliminating Trump Tariffs

November 16, 2020

President Trump Outlines Second Term Tax Ideas

August 25, 2020

Digital Taxes, Meet Handbag Tariffs

July 10, 2020

Tax Foundation Comments on the Initiation of Section 301 Investigations of Digital Services Taxes

July 9, 2020