In number of firms, pass-throughs are the dominant business type, with over 30 million taxA tax is a mandatory payment or charge collected by local, state, and national governments from individuals or businesses to cover the costs of general government services, goods, and activities. returns in 2011. Pass-throughs are unique in that all pass-through business income is taxed at individual tax rates.
Over the last 30 years, the number of pass-throughs has increased substantially. Much of this growth comes from the doubling in number of sole proprietorships since the 1980s.
The number of S corporationAn S corporation is a business entity which elects to pass business income and losses through to its shareholders. The shareholders are then responsible for paying individual income taxes on this income. Unlike subchapter C corporations, an S corporation (S corp) is not subject to the corporate income tax (CIT). s—a type of pass-through—has also increased, particularly since the Tax Reform Act of 1986 lowered individual tax rates. Since then, the number of S corporations has grown from 800,000 to over 4 million returns.
C corporations are now outnumbered by all three types of pass-throughs.
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