Adjusting incomes for price level can substantially change our perceptions of which states are truly rich or poor. Your dollar goes much further in states like Missouri or Ohio than in states like New York or California. What is the relative value of $100 in your state?4 min read
Robert Bellafiore was a Policy Analyst with the Center for Federal Tax Policy at the Tax Foundation. Originally from Albany, New York, Robert is a graduate of the University of Oklahoma, where he studied economics and philosophy.
Previously, he interned at the Heritage Foundation, where he contributed to the 2018 Index of Economic Freedom. Robert enjoys playing classical and jazz piano and reading literature.
Who are the workers, consumers, and shareholders who interact with businesses in the U.S.? What forms do these businesses take? How do business taxes impact people’s lives? It is essential we answer these questions in order to design a business tax system that is simple, efficient, and enables economic progress.5 min read
The debate in Washington, D.C. often centers around tax expenditures, so-called corporate loopholes, in the tax code. But not all tax expenditures are created equal. Some represent neutral tax treatment and should be left alone, while others are distortionary and should be repealed. Understanding what a tax expenditure represents is essential for understanding how our tax code works for both businesses and individuals.4 min read
One of the most significant provisions in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act was the reduction of the U.S. corporate income tax rate from 35 percent to 21 percent. Over time, the lower corporate rate will encourage new investment and lead to additional economic growth. It will make the U.S. more attractive for companies by increasing after-tax returns on investments and will discourage companies from shifting profits to low-tax jurisdictions.2 min read
Less than one percent of businesses employ almost half of the private sector workforce. Large companies pay 89% of corporate income taxes in the United States.2 min read
Who really bears the burden of federal taxes? How progressive is our current tax system and what role do taxes play in the debate over income inequality?5 min read
The tax burden for most Americans in 2019 –67.8 percent—will come primarily from payroll taxes, not income taxes. While the income tax is progressive, with average rates rising with income, the payroll tax is regressive, with the highest average rate falling on Americans with the lowest incomes.3 min read
From 1986 to 2016, the top 1 percent’s share of income taxes rose from 25.8 percent to 37.3 percent, while the bottom 90 percent’s share fell from 45.3 percent to 30.5 percent.3 min read
Federal tax rates vary by income group and tax source. The federal tax system redistributes income from high- and low-income taxpayers.3 min read
In the 1950s, when the top marginal income tax rate reached 92 percent, the top 1 percent of taxpayers paid an effective rate of only 16.9 percent. As top marginal rates have fallen, the tax burden on the rich has risen.4 min read
Expensing, or the immediate write-off of R&D costs, is a valuable component of the current tax system. The TCJA’s change to amortization in 2022, requiring firms to write off their business costs over time rather than immediately, would raise the cost of investment, discourage R&D, and reduce economic output.12 min read
Recent interest in raising the tax burden on high-income individuals glosses over the fact that the U.S. federal tax code is already progressive.3 min read