ABC News has a a new video news report detailing how costly those instant refund programs that you see advertised for during taxA tax is a mandatory payment or charge collected by local, state, and national governments from individuals or businesses to cover the costs of general government services, goods, and activities. season can be to taxpayers. The report on these instant refunds:
“It is a good deal for the tax company, not for you. These instant rebates are actually loans and you get stuck paying fees on top of high interest charges.”
These refunds often target lower-income earners who have big refunds coming, typically as a result of the earned income credit (EIC), which is a program that attempts to encourage people to work by offering them refundable tax creditA refundable tax credit can be used to generate a federal tax refund larger than the amount of tax paid throughout the year. In other words, a refundable tax credit creates the possibility of a negative federal tax liability. An example of a refundable tax credit is the Earned Income Tax Credit. s.
Many believe that running an income transfer program like EIC through the tax code and letting the IRS handle it is superior to establishing a welfare program and having it ran through some agency like HHS. But as this report demonstrates, administering it through the tax code has its costs too and may lead to results inferior to the desired social outcome. Specifically, a large portion of the gains from EIC are going to tax preparation agencies, leaving the intended recipients with significantly less. This is in addition to the heavy administrative costs that EIC creates for the IRS.
Moreover, these two issues of administrative costs and benefit allocation are not independent either. Recall a recent article that demonstrated the large number of delayed (frozen) EIC refunds due to IRS auditA tax audit is when the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) conducts a formal investigation of financial information to verify an individual or corporation has accurately reported and paid their taxes. Selection can be at random, or due to unusual deductions or income reported on a tax return. ing. If individuals begin to expect large wait times for their refunds as a result of the IRS reviews (which is itself a result of the huge complexities of EIC), they will be more likely to demand these instant refund programs from companies like H&R Block and Jackson-Hewitt. In summary, the costs of complexity are compounding.
For more on the complexity in the tax code, check out the Tax Foundation’s section on compliance costs.Share