This commentary was published in the Worcester Business Journal on October 27, 2008.
This November, folks in Massachusetts will be voting on an initiative that would repeal the state’s 5.3 percent individual income taxA tax is a mandatory payment or charge collected by local, state, and national governments from individuals or businesses to cover the costs of general government services, goods, and activities. .
There are legitimate concerns about increasing tax burdens, declining business climates, and out-of-control spending in many states.
Yet, no matter how one votes on the initiative, Massachusetts, and the rest of this nation, need to start thinking beyond its borders when it comes to tax policy.
A study from the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) last month shows that the U.S. corporate tax rate is now 50 percent higher than the average among our friends in the industrialized world. Only Japan has a higher rate than us.
If each of the 50 states were treated as countries, 23 of them would have a higher combined federal-state corporate tax rate than Japan. Massachusetts would have the fourth highest corporate tax rate in the world, behind Iowa, Pennsylvania and Minnesota.
Last month, KPMG released its annual survey of corporate and indirect taxAn indirect tax is imposed on one person or group, like manufacturers, then shifted to a different payer, usually the consumer. Unlike direct taxes, indirect taxes are levied on goods and services, not individual payers, and collected by the retailer or manufacturer. Sales and Value-Added Taxes (VATs) are two examples of indirect taxes. rates for 2008, showing that 23 countries have lowered their corporate tax rates this year, and no nation has raised its rate since last year. Sweden, for instance, announced a series of proposals to improve its business climate, including a plan to cut its corporate tax rate from 28 percent to 26.3 percent to help Swedes return to the job market instead of living off of subsidies.
This comes on the heels of another study from the OECD, showing that corporate taxes are the single most harmful tax to economic growth, more so than personal income or sales taxA sales tax is levied on retail sales of goods and services and, ideally, should apply to all final consumption with few exemptions. Many governments exempt goods like groceries; base broadening, such as including groceries, could keep rates lower. A sales tax should exempt business-to-business transactions which, when taxed, cause tax pyramiding. es.
America has become increasingly uncompetitive not because of any action we have taken but because we have done nothing while the rest of the world has moved ahead.
The Tax Foundation has launched CompeteUSA, a campaign to raise the public’s awareness of America’s high business tax rates and how those taxes have an impact on our competitiveness, wages, and living standards.
But why isn’t there a louder call to reform our corporate tax system during these turbulent economic times?
In this election year, plenty of politicians like to make businesses appear unworthy of any tax relief. But there is a lack of understanding that workers and families ultimately bear the burden of our business taxes. In the form of higher prices, lower wages and poorer return on investment, the federal corporate income taxA corporate income tax (CIT) is levied by federal and state governments on business profits. Many companies are not subject to the CIT because they are taxed as pass-through businesses, with income reportable under the individual income tax. quietly tapped $3,190 per household. That’s more than the average household spends on restaurant food, gasoline or home electricity in a year.
While Massachusetts should look at its own tax system, continued failure by policymakers to keep up with our top global economic competitors means that we should be very concerned about jobs, capital, and investments moving from high-tax countries to low-tax countries. America must focus not only on the short term fixes in the midst of this financial crisis; we must also revisit a stagnant business tax system that threatens our position within the global marketplace.
Scott Hodge is the president of the Tax Foundation, a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization that has monitored fiscal policy at the federal state and local levels since 1937.Share