State and Local Funding Totals Under the CARES Act

April 1, 2020

State and local governments across the country split $150 billion in federal aid under a provision of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security (CARES) Act, passed on March 30th. The division of these dollars, made available through the new Coronavirus Relief Fund, has generated significant confusion. Here, we explain how the money is allocated, and provide a table showing the amount available for each state and eligible county across the country.

Allocation is by population, except that $3 billion is reserved for U.S. territories and the District of Columbia, $8 billion is set aside for tribal governments, and each state is guaranteed at least $1.25 billion even if its population share would otherwise indicate a lesser amount.

Local governments with populations of 500,000 or more are also eligible for aid, a provision responsible for much of the confusion. Localities are permitted to claim 45 percent of the amount allocated for their population, while the state retains the other 55 percent as it also serves that population. The state also retains 100 percent of the amount allocated to populations not within a locality of 500,000 or more.

To see how this works, consider the example of Ohio:

  • Total state and local share under the CARES Act: $4.53 billion
  • State population: 11.69 million
  • 4.44 million people live within the 5 eligible counties of 500,000+ people
    • $1.72 billion is associated with that share of the population
    • These counties can claim 45 percent, or $775 million, of this total
    • The state retains the remaining 55 percent associated with this population ($946 million)
  • 7.25 million residents live outside an eligible locality
    • $2.81 billion is associated with this share of the population
    • That entire amount goes to state government
  • In total, the state government is eligible for about $3.76 billion and local governments get $775 million

The diagram below illustrates this concept. Note how state and eligible local governments split the funding associated with their populations, while the state retains all money associated with the share of the state’s population that lives outside an eligible jurisdiction.

Federal coronavirus aid to states and localities under the CARES Act. State and local shares of CARES Act funding. State and local funding totals in the CARES Act

Notably, the language of the CARES Act mentions counties, cities, and other local governing bodies—and, with a few exceptions, cities are situated within counties, meaning that in many cases there are overlapping eligible populations. The city of Columbus, Ohio, for instance, is the county seat of Franklin County, and both have populations in excess of 500,000.

It is not clear how the U.S. Treasury Department will handle such overlapping populations. One plausible interpretation is that the city can claim the share associated with its population and the county may claim the share associated with county residents outside the city. Treasury could also allow these jurisdictions to share the revenue in other ways. What is reasonably clear, however, is that they may not double up: Franklin County and all its subdivisions are entitled to a total of $230 million, however it may be divided between the city and county.

The following table shows how much is allocated to each state overall (state and local government combined), plus how that aid is broken out—the state share and the share for each eligible county or county equivalent (including independent cities). As with the example above, in some cases, cities within these counties may share in the amount indicated for the county.

This table uses the latest available population data, circa July 2019. It is possible that the Treasury Department will use different figures. The greatest possible effect of using a different population dataset would be the inclusion or exclusion of jurisdictions just on the cusp of the 500,000-person threshold. As of July 2019, for instance, Sonoma County, California had a population of 494,336, and Morris County, New Jersey had a population of 491,845. If either of these counties, or others that are in similar positions, were to exceed the 500,000 threshold under the count employed by the Treasury Department, local distributions would diverge slightly from the amounts indicated below.

Estimated State and Local Shares of Cares Act Funding
State Jurisdiction Amount
Alabama Total Allocation $1,901,376,504
  State Share $1,786,453,683
  Jefferson County $114,922,821
Alaska Total Allocation $1,250,000,000
  State Share $1,250,000,000
Arizona Total Allocation $2,822,569,714
  State Share $1,857,099,389
  Maricopa County $782,717,225
  Pima County $182,753,100
Arkansas Total Allocation $1,250,000,000
  State Share $1,250,000,000
California Total Allocation $15,322,206,367
  State Share $9,526,137,621
  Alameda County $291,651,561
  Contra Costa County $201,293,497
  Fresno County $174,345,905
  Kern County $157,087,754
  Los Angeles County $1,751,852,108
  Orange County $554,167,091
  Riverside County $431,117,152
  Sacramento County $270,838,440
  San Bernardino County $380,430,899
  San Diego County $582,547,875
  San Francisco County $153,832,754
  San Joaquin County $132,996,947
  San Mateo County $133,769,122
  Santa Clara County $336,415,539
  Stanislaus County $96,091,702
  Ventura County $147,630,401
Colorado Total Allocation $2,233,145,460
  State Share $1,673,950,246
  Adams County $90,291,404
  Arapahoe County $114,576,782
  Denver County $126,900,343
  El Paso County $125,712,328
  Jefferson County $101,714,356
Connecticut Total Allocation $1,382,561,117
  State Share $913,181,962
  Fairfield County $164,614,059
  Hartford County $155,607,621
  New Haven County $149,157,475
Delaware Total Allocation $1,250,000,000
  State Share $927,233,331
  New Castle County $322,766,669
Florida Total Allocation $8,328,721,940
  State Share $5,856,159,554
  Brevard County $105,040,554
  Broward County $340,765,195
  Duval County $167,130,913
  Hillsborough County $256,862,512
  Lee County $134,467,831
  Miami-Dade County $474,113,590
  Orange County $243,161,252
  Palm Beach County $261,190,530
  Pasco County $96,665,293
  Pinellas County $170,139,515
  Polk County $126,475,603
  Volusia County $96,549,598
Georgia Total Allocation $4,117,266,353
  State Share $3,503,081,996
  Cobb County $132,646,720
  DeKalb County $132,499,439
  Fulton County $185,659,967
  Gwinnett County $163,378,230
Hawaii Total Allocation $1,250,000,000
  State Share $862,823,979
  Honolulu County $387,176,021
Idaho Total Allocation $1,250,000,000
  State Share $1,250,000,000
Illinois Total Allocation $4,913,928,948
  State Share $3,519,156,999
  Cook County $898,729,990
  DuPage County $161,052,283
  Kane County $92,905,805
  Lake County $121,547,296
  Will County $120,536,576
Indiana Total Allocation $2,610,646,554
  State Share $2,442,324,311
  Marion County $168,322,243
Iowa Total Allocation $1,250,000,000
  State Share $1,250,000,000
Kansas Total Allocation $1,250,000,000
  State Share $1,034,052,049
  Johnson County $116,311,034
  Sedgwick County $99,636,917
Kentucky Total Allocation $1,732,491,935
  State Share $1,598,690,705
  Jefferson County $133,801,230
Louisiana Total Allocation $1,802,727,754
  State Share $1,802,727,754
Maine Total Allocation $1,250,000,000
  State Share $1,250,000,000
Maryland Total Allocation $2,344,417,741
  State Share $1,653,367,701
  Anne Arundel County $101,077,945
  Baltimore city $103,565,657
  Baltimore County $144,378,367
  Montgomery County $183,347,980
  Prince George’s County $158,680,092
Massachusetts Total Allocation $2,672,802,119
  State Share $1,655,720,328
  Bristol County $98,631,939
  Essex County $137,688,629
  Middlesex County $281,245,960
  Norfolk County $123,334,204
  Plymouth County $90,951,199
  Suffolk County $140,284,009
  Worcester County $144,945,850
Michigan Total Allocation $3,872,742,971
  State Share $3,080,874,821
  Kent County $114,640,476
  Macomb County $152,510,546
  Oakland County $219,451,908
  Wayne County $305,265,221
Minnesota Total Allocation $2,186,958,839
  State Share $1,870,033,167
  Hennepin County $220,893,126
  Ramsey County $96,032,546
Mississippi Total Allocation $1,250,000,000
  State Share $1,250,000,000
Missouri Total Allocation $2,379,996,144
  State Share $2,083,827,229
  Jackson County $122,677,376
  St. Louis County $173,491,539
Montana Total Allocation $1,250,000,000
  State Share $1,250,000,000
Nebraska Total Allocation $1,250,000,000
  State Share $1,083,865,742
  Douglas County $166,134,258
Nevada Total Allocation $1,250,000,000
  State Share $836,051,100
  Clark County $413,948,900
New Hampshire Total Allocation $1,250,000,000
  State Share $1,250,000,000
New Jersey Total Allocation $3,444,370,826
  State Share $2,393,995,126
  Bergen County $162,671,843
  Camden County $88,380,599
  Essex County $139,423,361
  Hudson County $117,334,101
  Middlesex County $143,975,615
  Monmouth County $107,981,449
  Ocean County $105,955,647
  Passaic County $87,570,033
  Union County $97,083,053
New Mexico Total Allocation $1,250,000,000
  State Share $1,067,817,494
  Bernalillo County $182,182,506
New York Total Allocation $7,543,778,952
  State Share $5,219,021,994
  Bronx County $247,481,068
  Erie County $160,316,055
  Kings County $446,710,197
  Monroe County $129,440,929
  Nassau County $236,787,014
  New York County $284,213,729
  Queens County $393,304,493
  Suffolk County $257,670,983
  Westchester County $168,832,489
North Carolina Total Allocation $4,067,110,763
  State Share $3,585,606,805
  Guilford County $93,738,358
  Mecklenburg County $193,760,212
  Wake County $194,005,388
North Dakota Total Allocation $1,250,000,000
  State Share $1,250,000,000
Ohio Total Allocation $4,532,845,506
  State Share $3,757,703,970
  Cuyahoga County $215,523,501
  Franklin County $229,777,586
  Hamilton County $142,651,313
  Montgomery County $92,780,861
  Summit County $94,408,274
Oklahoma Total Allocation $1,534,449,890
  State Share $1,281,597,801
  Oklahoma County $139,154,452
  Tulsa County $113,697,637
Oregon Total Allocation $1,635,570,763
  State Share $1,388,745,825
  Multnomah County $141,845,459
  Washington County $104,979,478
Pennsylvania Total Allocation $4,964,406,011
  State Share $3,935,406,029
  Allegheny County $212,203,236
  Bucks County $109,634,863
  Chester County $91,612,041
  Delaware County $98,898,929
  Lancaster County $95,230,357
  Montgomery County $144,996,980
  Philadelphia County $276,423,576
Rhode Island Total Allocation $1,250,000,000
  State Share $910,740,118
  Providence County $339,259,882
South Carolina Total Allocation $1,996,588,712
  State Share $1,905,229,176
  Greenville County $91,359,536
South Dakota Total Allocation $1,250,000,000
  State Share $1,250,000,000
Tennessee Total Allocation $2,648,244,148
  State Share $2,363,576,014
  Davidson County $121,130,060
  Shelby County $163,538,075
Texas Total Allocation $11,244,137,605
  State Share $8,038,804,878
  Bexar County $349,625,748
  Collin County $180,563,264
  Dallas County $459,904,876
  Denton County $154,820,090
  El Paso County $146,449,366
  Fort Bend County $141,641,815
  Harris County $822,488,328
  Hidalgo County $151,591,789
  Montgomery County $105,991,420
  Tarrant County $366,894,718
  Travis County $222,308,518
  Williamson County $103,052,793
Utah Total Allocation $1,250,000,000
  State Share $936,475,736
  Salt Lake County $202,499,486
  Utah County $111,024,778
Vermont Total Allocation $1,250,000,000
  State Share $1,250,000,000
Virginia Total Allocation $3,309,937,372
  State Share $3,109,689,845
  Fairfax County $200,247,527
Washington Total Allocation $2,952,933,375
  State Share $2,167,209,642
  King County $393,116,728
  Pierce County $157,921,528
  Snohomish County $143,455,771
  Spokane County $91,229,706
West Virginia Total Allocation $1,250,000,000
  State Share $1,250,000,000
Wisconsin Total Allocation $2,257,846,523
  State Share $1,997,414,905
  Dane County $95,399,799
  Milwaukee County $165,031,819
Wyoming Total Allocation $1,250,000,000
  State Share $1,250,000,000

Sources: CARES Act; U.S. Census Bureau; author’s calculations.

Errata: Due to a WordPress glitch with bullet points, this document was originally published omitting the first digit of Ohio’s population figures.

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