# State and Local Funding Totals Under the CARES Act

State and local governments across the country split \$150 billion in federal aid under a provision of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security (CARES) Act, passed on March 30th. The division of these dollars, made available through the new Coronavirus Relief Fund, has generated significant confusion. Here, we explain how the money is allocated, and provide a table showing the amount available for each state and eligible county across the country.

Allocation is by population, except that \$3 billion is reserved for U.S. territories and the District of Columbia, \$8 billion is set aside for tribal governments, and each state is guaranteed at least \$1.25 billion even if its population share would otherwise indicate a lesser amount.

Local governments with populations of 500,000 or more are also eligible for aid, a provision responsible for much of the confusion. Localities are permitted to claim 45 percent of the amount allocated for their population, while the state retains the other 55 percent as it also serves that population. The state also retains 100 percent of the amount allocated to populations not within a locality of 500,000 or more.

To see how this works, consider the example of Ohio:

• Total state and local share under the CARES Act: \$4.53 billion
• State population: 11.69 million
• 4.44 million people live within the 5 eligible counties of 500,000+ people
• \$1.72 billion is associated with that share of the population
• These counties can claim 45 percent, or \$775 million, of this total
• The state retains the remaining 55 percent associated with this population (\$946 million)
• 7.25 million residents live outside an eligible locality
• \$2.81 billion is associated with this share of the population
• That entire amount goes to state government
• In total, the state government is eligible for about \$3.76 billion and local governments get \$775 million

The diagram below illustrates this concept. Note how state and eligible local governments split the funding associated with their populations, while the state retains all money associated with the share of the state’s population that lives outside an eligible jurisdiction.

Notably, the language of the CARES Act mentions counties, cities, and other local governing bodies—and, with a few exceptions, cities are situated within counties, meaning that in many cases there are overlapping eligible populations. The city of Columbus, Ohio, for instance, is the county seat of Franklin County, and both have populations in excess of 500,000.

It is not clear how the U.S. Treasury Department will handle such overlapping populations. One plausible interpretation is that the city can claim the share associated with its population and the county may claim the share associated with county residents outside the city. Treasury could also allow these jurisdictions to share the revenue in other ways. What is reasonably clear, however, is that they may not double up: Franklin County and all its subdivisions are entitled to a total of \$230 million, however it may be divided between the city and county.

The following table shows how much is allocated to each state overall (state and local government combined), plus how that aid is broken out—the state share and the share for each eligible county or county equivalent (including independent cities). As with the example above, in some cases, cities within these counties may share in the amount indicated for the county.

This table uses the latest available population data, circa July 2019. It is possible that the Treasury Department will use different figures. The greatest possible effect of using a different population dataset would be the inclusion or exclusion of jurisdictions just on the cusp of the 500,000-person threshold. As of July 2019, for instance, Sonoma County, California had a population of 494,336, and Morris County, New Jersey had a population of 491,845. If either of these counties, or others that are in similar positions, were to exceed the 500,000 threshold under the count employed by the Treasury Department, local distributions would diverge slightly from the amounts indicated below.

Estimated State and Local Shares of Cares Act Funding
State Jurisdiction Amount
Alabama Total Allocation \$1,901,376,504
State Share \$1,786,453,683
Jefferson County \$114,922,821
State Share \$1,250,000,000
Arizona Total Allocation \$2,822,569,714
State Share \$1,857,099,389
Maricopa County \$782,717,225
Pima County \$182,753,100
Arkansas Total Allocation \$1,250,000,000
State Share \$1,250,000,000
California Total Allocation \$15,322,206,367
State Share \$9,526,137,621
Alameda County \$291,651,561
Contra Costa County \$201,293,497
Fresno County \$174,345,905
Kern County \$157,087,754
Los Angeles County \$1,751,852,108
Orange County \$554,167,091
Riverside County \$431,117,152
Sacramento County \$270,838,440
San Bernardino County \$380,430,899
San Diego County \$582,547,875
San Francisco County \$153,832,754
San Joaquin County \$132,996,947
San Mateo County \$133,769,122
Santa Clara County \$336,415,539
Stanislaus County \$96,091,702
Ventura County \$147,630,401
State Share \$1,673,950,246
Arapahoe County \$114,576,782
Denver County \$126,900,343
El Paso County \$125,712,328
Jefferson County \$101,714,356
Connecticut Total Allocation \$1,382,561,117
State Share \$913,181,962
Fairfield County \$164,614,059
Hartford County \$155,607,621
New Haven County \$149,157,475
Delaware Total Allocation \$1,250,000,000
State Share \$927,233,331
New Castle County \$322,766,669
Florida Total Allocation \$8,328,721,940
State Share \$5,856,159,554
Brevard County \$105,040,554
Broward County \$340,765,195
Duval County \$167,130,913
Hillsborough County \$256,862,512
Lee County \$134,467,831
Orange County \$243,161,252
Palm Beach County \$261,190,530
Pasco County \$96,665,293
Pinellas County \$170,139,515
Polk County \$126,475,603
Volusia County \$96,549,598
Georgia Total Allocation \$4,117,266,353
State Share \$3,503,081,996
Cobb County \$132,646,720
DeKalb County \$132,499,439
Fulton County \$185,659,967
Gwinnett County \$163,378,230
Hawaii Total Allocation \$1,250,000,000
State Share \$862,823,979
Honolulu County \$387,176,021
Idaho Total Allocation \$1,250,000,000
State Share \$1,250,000,000
Illinois Total Allocation \$4,913,928,948
State Share \$3,519,156,999
Cook County \$898,729,990
DuPage County \$161,052,283
Kane County \$92,905,805
Lake County \$121,547,296
Will County \$120,536,576
Indiana Total Allocation \$2,610,646,554
State Share \$2,442,324,311
Marion County \$168,322,243
Iowa Total Allocation \$1,250,000,000
State Share \$1,250,000,000
Kansas Total Allocation \$1,250,000,000
State Share \$1,034,052,049
Johnson County \$116,311,034
Sedgwick County \$99,636,917
Kentucky Total Allocation \$1,732,491,935
State Share \$1,598,690,705
Jefferson County \$133,801,230
Louisiana Total Allocation \$1,802,727,754
State Share \$1,802,727,754
Maine Total Allocation \$1,250,000,000
State Share \$1,250,000,000
Maryland Total Allocation \$2,344,417,741
State Share \$1,653,367,701
Anne Arundel County \$101,077,945
Baltimore city \$103,565,657
Baltimore County \$144,378,367
Montgomery County \$183,347,980
Prince George’s County \$158,680,092
Massachusetts Total Allocation \$2,672,802,119
State Share \$1,655,720,328
Bristol County \$98,631,939
Essex County \$137,688,629
Middlesex County \$281,245,960
Norfolk County \$123,334,204
Plymouth County \$90,951,199
Suffolk County \$140,284,009
Worcester County \$144,945,850
Michigan Total Allocation \$3,872,742,971
State Share \$3,080,874,821
Kent County \$114,640,476
Macomb County \$152,510,546
Oakland County \$219,451,908
Wayne County \$305,265,221
Minnesota Total Allocation \$2,186,958,839
State Share \$1,870,033,167
Hennepin County \$220,893,126
Ramsey County \$96,032,546
Mississippi Total Allocation \$1,250,000,000
State Share \$1,250,000,000
Missouri Total Allocation \$2,379,996,144
State Share \$2,083,827,229
Jackson County \$122,677,376
St. Louis County \$173,491,539
Montana Total Allocation \$1,250,000,000
State Share \$1,250,000,000
State Share \$1,083,865,742
Douglas County \$166,134,258
State Share \$836,051,100
Clark County \$413,948,900
New Hampshire Total Allocation \$1,250,000,000
State Share \$1,250,000,000
New Jersey Total Allocation \$3,444,370,826
State Share \$2,393,995,126
Bergen County \$162,671,843
Camden County \$88,380,599
Essex County \$139,423,361
Hudson County \$117,334,101
Middlesex County \$143,975,615
Monmouth County \$107,981,449
Ocean County \$105,955,647
Passaic County \$87,570,033
Union County \$97,083,053
New Mexico Total Allocation \$1,250,000,000
State Share \$1,067,817,494
Bernalillo County \$182,182,506
New York Total Allocation \$7,543,778,952
State Share \$5,219,021,994
Bronx County \$247,481,068
Erie County \$160,316,055
Kings County \$446,710,197
Monroe County \$129,440,929
Nassau County \$236,787,014
New York County \$284,213,729
Queens County \$393,304,493
Suffolk County \$257,670,983
Westchester County \$168,832,489
North Carolina Total Allocation \$4,067,110,763
State Share \$3,585,606,805
Guilford County \$93,738,358
Mecklenburg County \$193,760,212
Wake County \$194,005,388
North Dakota Total Allocation \$1,250,000,000
State Share \$1,250,000,000
Ohio Total Allocation \$4,532,845,506
State Share \$3,757,703,970
Cuyahoga County \$215,523,501
Franklin County \$229,777,586
Hamilton County \$142,651,313
Montgomery County \$92,780,861
Summit County \$94,408,274
Oklahoma Total Allocation \$1,534,449,890
State Share \$1,281,597,801
Oklahoma County \$139,154,452
Tulsa County \$113,697,637
Oregon Total Allocation \$1,635,570,763
State Share \$1,388,745,825
Multnomah County \$141,845,459
Washington County \$104,979,478
Pennsylvania Total Allocation \$4,964,406,011
State Share \$3,935,406,029
Allegheny County \$212,203,236
Bucks County \$109,634,863
Chester County \$91,612,041
Delaware County \$98,898,929
Lancaster County \$95,230,357
Montgomery County \$144,996,980
Rhode Island Total Allocation \$1,250,000,000
State Share \$910,740,118
Providence County \$339,259,882
South Carolina Total Allocation \$1,996,588,712
State Share \$1,905,229,176
Greenville County \$91,359,536
South Dakota Total Allocation \$1,250,000,000
State Share \$1,250,000,000
Tennessee Total Allocation \$2,648,244,148
State Share \$2,363,576,014
Davidson County \$121,130,060
Shelby County \$163,538,075
Texas Total Allocation \$11,244,137,605
State Share \$8,038,804,878
Bexar County \$349,625,748
Collin County \$180,563,264
Dallas County \$459,904,876
Denton County \$154,820,090
El Paso County \$146,449,366
Fort Bend County \$141,641,815
Harris County \$822,488,328
Hidalgo County \$151,591,789
Montgomery County \$105,991,420
Tarrant County \$366,894,718
Travis County \$222,308,518
Williamson County \$103,052,793
Utah Total Allocation \$1,250,000,000
State Share \$936,475,736
Salt Lake County \$202,499,486
Utah County \$111,024,778
Vermont Total Allocation \$1,250,000,000
State Share \$1,250,000,000
Virginia Total Allocation \$3,309,937,372
State Share \$3,109,689,845
Fairfax County \$200,247,527
Washington Total Allocation \$2,952,933,375
State Share \$2,167,209,642
King County \$393,116,728
Pierce County \$157,921,528
Snohomish County \$143,455,771
Spokane County \$91,229,706
West Virginia Total Allocation \$1,250,000,000
State Share \$1,250,000,000
Wisconsin Total Allocation \$2,257,846,523
State Share \$1,997,414,905
Dane County \$95,399,799
Milwaukee County \$165,031,819
Wyoming Total Allocation \$1,250,000,000
State Share \$1,250,000,000

Sources: CARES Act; U.S. Census Bureau; author’s calculations.

Errata: Due to a WordPress glitch with bullet points, this document was originally published omitting the first digit of Ohio’s population figures.

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