State and local governments depend on many different types of taxes, one of which is known as an excise tax. Like general sales taxes, excise taxes are paid on the purchase of an item. But unlike sales taxes, excise...
- The Tax Policy Blog
- State Tax Trends #2: Income Tax Reforms
State Tax Trends #2: Income Tax Reforms
We've identified the top ten key tax trends among the states in recent years. We're sharing them with a short report each weekday with data and analysis on each trend. We hope this information will help you learn how states responded to the recession, how they're faring now, and how prepared they are for the future. The series kicked off last week with an overview of state budgets and state tax changes during 2011.
Our #2 trend, released in today's report (PDF), are income tax reforms. Some highlights from the report:
- Over the past five years, more than 20 states have made significant changes to their income tax systems.
- While a few of these states have increased both rates and complexity in a search for more revenue, several others – such as Utah and Rhode Island – have had great success in lowering their income tax rates.
- The key income tax reform accomplishment during the recent recession occurred in Rhode Island, which for many years had a 5-bracket income tax with a top rate of 9.9 percent. Continued bipartisan pressure to do something about Rhode Island’s poor economic performance and tax system complexity led to further reform in 2010 that took effect in January of 2011. The reform was designed to be revenue-neutral and actually increase progressivity, while dramatically reducing compliance costs and barriers to economic growth. Although the income tax changes are still new, their tax reform will greatly boost the state’s competitive position.
- While completed success stories are few and far between, reform proposals are becoming increasingly popular, showing up in Maine, Georgia, Kansas, Arizona, and South Carolina.
- With taxes a top election issue at both the national and state levels, now is the right time for states to begin discussing how they can improve their prospects by moving toward broader bases and lower income tax rates.
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About the Tax Policy Blog
The Tax Policy Blog is the official blog of the Tax Foundation, a non-partisan, non-profit research organization that has monitored tax policy at the federal, state and local levels since 1937. Our economists welcome your feedback. If you would like to send an e-mail to the author of a blog post, please click on that person's name to locate his or her e-mail address or visit our staff page here.