Today, for the first time in ten years, the U.S. House of Representatives has voted to repeal the federal estate tax. The final vote on HR 1105 was 240-179, with 233 Republicans and 7 Democrats voting yea. The bill was...
- The Tax Policy Blog
- Small Businesses Need Tax Reform, Too
Small Businesses Need Tax Reform, Too
The U.S. tax code is a burdensome mess that severely stifles economic growth. The U.S. has the highest corporate tax rate in the developed world, high taxes on investment, and heavy restrictions on the flow of capital, all of which damage investment in the United States, and jobs and wages with it.
It’s clear to just about everyone that the tax code needs reform. But it’s important that tax reform remembers small businesses, too.
“According to the U.S. Small Business Administration, firms with less than 500 employees accounted for 67 percent of the new jobs since the recession ended. Those are companies led by entrepreneurs, who are building businesses around new products or services and expanding their payrolls.”
We released a report earlier this month detailing the tax code that entrepreneurs face.
Many small businesses file taxes as pass-throughs, which mean the business owners pay the business tax on their personal income tax form.
About 95 percent of businesses are pass-throughs accounting for 54 percent of business income.
Much of this income is earned by high-earners. In fact, almost all job creators (small businesses with more employees than just the owner) earn over $100,000. Even more so, 67 percent of employer business income is earned by business owners with income of over $500,000.
Currently, many of these small businesses with employees face a “top marginal rates on average between 44.5 percent and 47.5 percent and as high as 51.8 percent in California.”
This means that for over 67 percent of the business income created in the United States, for every dollar these businesses earn, they pay a dollar in taxes. That is a dollar that those businesses are unable to reinvest in new equipment, higher wages, and new jobs.
Tax reform that cuts the corporate rate to 25 percent or below would be great for the economy, but with over half of business income taxed under the individual code, tax reform that cuts the rate for small businesses to 25 percent or below, too, would be even better for the economy.
For the sake of economic growth, tax reform should remember small businesses.
For a list of top marginal rates for every state, click here.
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The Tax Policy Blog is the official blog of the Tax Foundation, a non-partisan, non-profit research organization that has monitored tax policy at the federal, state and local levels since 1937. Our economists welcome your feedback. If you would like to send an e-mail to the author of a blog post, please click on that person's name to locate his or her e-mail address or visit our staff page here.