State and local governments depend on many different types of taxes, one of which is known as an excise tax. Like general sales taxes, excise taxes are paid on the purchase of an item. But unlike sales taxes, excise...
- The Tax Policy Blog
- Nobel Laureate James Buchanan Passes Away at 93
Nobel Laureate James Buchanan Passes Away at 93
It was with great sadness that I learned that James Buchanan, a godfather of the public choice school of economics passed away this morning. Buchanan was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1986 for his groundbreaking work in constitutional economics, and indeed, our readers might be interested in his lovely 1980 book called The Power to Tax: Analytical Foundations of a Fiscal Constitution. In it, he and Geoffrey Brennan examine the question of what limitations on taxing power citizens should agree to if they were participating in an initial social contract.
Buchanan’s model of government action was based on a theory of “politics without romance,” which contended that policymakers act in their own self-interest the same way that market actors do. This means that politicians are not enlightened, selfless despots, and respond to the incentives of the political sphere, making policy that will help get them re-elected. Often the best way to do that is by catering to special interests. The longer I work in this city, the more I see this observation as true to life.
I asked around this morning if any of our staff had some anecdotes about Buchanan that they would like to share, and our Chief Economist Will McBride had a few gems he remembered from taking classes with him:
1) I think his most important contribution, found in The Calculus of Consent (which was coauthored by Gordon Tullock) was to demonstrate the inherent tradeoff between decision-making costs and externalities. It means that majority rule systems "get a lot done", but at the expense of all those who are in the minority. It caused a lot of economists to look more skeptically at the democratic process. This was lost knowledge, as the framers of the Constitution had expressed concerns about the “tyranny of the majority.”
2) In 2006 he was asked if anyone alive today deserved a Nobel Prize but hadn't gotten one. He thought long and hard and said, “No, I think all the obvious ones have been given.” Gordon Tullock was sitting right next to him.
3) One day in class he said quite proudly, “I have never done a regression analysis in my life.”
4) Someone asked him once if he'd rather be famous in his lifetime and then forgotten or forgotten in his lifetime and then famous forever. He chose forever famous. But he had to think about it.
Buchanan was brilliant, prolific and still sharp into his 90s. I’d echo Donald Boudreaux’s sentiments this morning that he was “one of the greatest and most profound scholars of the 20th century.” He will be missed.
Follow Scott Drenkard on Twitter @ScottDrenkard.
Get Email Updates from the Tax Foundation
We will never sell or share your information with third parties.
Join the Tax Foundation's fight for sound tax policy Go
About the Tax Policy Blog
The Tax Policy Blog is the official blog of the Tax Foundation, a non-partisan, non-profit research organization that has monitored tax policy at the federal, state and local levels since 1937. Our economists welcome your feedback. If you would like to send an e-mail to the author of a blog post, please click on that person's name to locate his or her e-mail address or visit our staff page here.