Success! Tennessee to Phase out the Hall Tax

April 22, 2016

In what will certainly be talked about as one of the great tax reform packages of 2016, Tennessee policymakers have today agreed to repeal the state’s obscure tax on interest and dividends called the “Hall tax.”

From the Tennessean:

If Gov. Bill Haslam allows the bill to become law, the Hall tax rate drops from its current 6 percent to 5 percent effective with tax year 2016 — reflected on tax returns due by April 15, 2017 — and eliminates the tax entirely for tax year 2022.

About 200,000 Tennessee households pay the Hall tax.

The 6 percent tax on investment income necessitates an asterisk on maps that show income taxes across the 50 states. This is problematic, as Tennessee officials sometimes boast for business development purposes about not having an income tax, as they do here on their Department of Economic & Community Development website, where they are careful to note the state has no income tax “on wages and salaries” only. The Nashville-based Beacon Center even calls it the "Asterisk Tax."

Once fully phased out in 2022, Tennessee will truly be a no-income tax state, joining the currently seven other states—Alaska, Florida, Nevada, South Dakota, Texas, Washington, and Wyoming—that do not tax individual income.

We have written in previous posts about Tennessee’s efforts to remove the tax over the last three years, which have had trouble getting across the finish line. Our chief criticism of the Hall tax is that it does not bring in enough revenue to be worth the economic and adminstrative costs of collecting it. In FY 2012, of example, Hall tax collections accounted for just 0.9 percent of state and local tax collections.

In 2014, we projected that the state’s rank on our State Business Tax Climate Index would improve to 11th place in the country if the Hall tax were repealed, placing the state among the most competitive tax systems in the country. Today, kudos are due to the folks at the Beacon Center, and Senator Mark Green and Representative Charles Sargent, who ushered the package across the finish line.

More on Tennessee.

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