The Obama Administration yesterday backed down from its plan to tax the earnings on 529 savings accounts, a kind of saving account for higher education under section 529 of the tax code. At Bloomberg, Richard Rubin and...
- The Tax Policy Blog
- New DC Charge on Plastic Bags is a Tax
New DC Charge on Plastic Bags is a Tax
Starting yesterday, shoppers in D.C. must pay a nickel for each plastic bag they receive at businesses that sell food and alcohol. The D.C. city government has launched a campaign to make people aware of the new tax on plastic bags, which they sometimes call a "fee":
Beginning January 1, 2010, District businesses that sell food or alcohol must charge you 5 cents for each disposable paper or plastic carryout bag.
The business keeps 1 cent, or 2 cents if it offers a rebate when you bring your own bag. And the remaining 3 or 4 cents go to the new Anacostia River Protection Fund. DDOE will administer this fund. We will use it to provide reusable bags, educate the public about litter, and clean up the river.
The District has also partnered with CVS/pharmacy to produce and hand out 112,000 reusable bags.
Putting to one side the question of whether a tax on some plastic bags to fund trash cleanup for one area is wise public policy, the new charge is properly called a selective excise tax. The bill may call the charge a fee, but it's a tax. If it were up to legislatures, few things would be called "taxes," and loose definitions help deprive taxpayer protection provisions of any meaning.
A fee funds services directed at those who pay it, or pays for regulating their conduct. Taxes produce surplus revenue for general government programs. Since the latter is what is happening here (most of the trash in the Anacostia is not plastic bags, and plastic bags pollute other things), it is a tax.
Because American antipathy to taxes is so deeply rooted in our nation's history, lawmakers often seek to raise revenue in ways to avoid the "tax hiker" label even if it requires calling an obvious tax a "fee." That's what's happening here. These shell games undermine transparency by making it harder for citizens to understand the cost of government.
Check out our brief in Weisblat v. City of San Diego for a discussion of the law on tax/fee distinctions.
Subscribe to the Tax Foundation Newsletter
Join the Tax Foundation's fight for sound tax policy Go
About the Tax Policy Blog
The Tax Policy Blog is the official blog of the Tax Foundation, a non-partisan, non-profit research organization that has monitored tax policy at the federal, state and local levels since 1937. Our economists welcome your feedback. If you would like to send an e-mail to the author of a blog post, please click on that person's name to locate his or her e-mail address or visit our staff page here.
Recent Blog Posts
Related State Articles
- Taxes in Many States Changing January 1, 2015
- Lessons on Legalizing and Taxing Marijuana from the Colorado and Washington Experience: Testimony to the District of Columbia Committee on Business, Consumer, & Regulatory Affairs and the Committee on Finance & Revenue
- D.C. Council Overrides Mayor's Veto of Tax Reform Package
- 1 of 30
- next ›