In a recent Pew poll, 72 percent of Americans said that they were bothered by how complex the federal tax system is. These taxpayers are justified in their complaints: as of 2015, federal tax laws and regulations have...
- The Tax Policy Blog
- Bitcoin's IRS Troubles
Bitcoin's IRS Troubles
The price of the virtual currency Bitcoin has fallen to about $461 from a closing price of $586 last Monday. This decline of about 21% came in the wake of an IRS ruling that net gains from Bitcoin transactions will be taxed as capital gains.
The IRS ruling made it substantially more difficult to use Bitcoin as a currency. Given that this is the use for which Bitcoin was designed, any threat to Bitcoin’s utility as a currency is a substantial threat to its value.
The main issue with the ruling may be the compliance costs. Imagine, for a moment, that you had to keep track of the value – in yen – of each individual dollar that you received, at the time you received it. Then, upon using the dollar, you had to record its value in yen at the time you purchased something. After doing this, you would compare the numbers, and report the gain or loss on your tax forms. It would turn any sort of economic activity into a bureaucratic ordeal. This is the sort of difficulty that Bitcoin users will be legally required to take on when they make transactions.
Since Bitcoin is virtual, it will be possible to design software that tracks this sort of thing for you. Nonetheless, this administrative burden throws a monkey wrench in the Bitcoin economy.
Get Email Updates from the Tax Foundation
We will never sell or share your information with third parties.
Join the Tax Foundation's fight for sound tax policy Go
About the Tax Policy Blog
The Tax Policy Blog is the official blog of the Tax Foundation, a non-partisan, non-profit research organization that has monitored tax policy at the federal, state and local levels since 1937. Our economists welcome your feedback. If you would like to send an e-mail to the author of a blog post, please click on that person's name to locate his or her e-mail address or visit our staff page here.