Vermont Governor Abandons His Own Single-Payer Plan
December 18, 2014
Technically speaking, Vermont’s gubernatorial election isn’t finished yet, but universal health care is. A long-awaited blueprint for the state’s planned transition to single-payer, just released, has been termed “detrimental to Vermonters”—not by the opposition, but by the Governor who made single-payer health care his signature issue.
Because no candidate received a majority of votes cast in November’s election, the selection of Vermont’s next Governor is up to the legislature, though there is every expectation that they will grant incumbent Gov. Peter Shumlin (D) a second term. Which isn’t to say that the Green Mountain State isn’t in for a course correction. After two delays in outlining the plan for single-payer, Shumlin finally unveiled the model—which called for an 11.5 percent payroll tax on businesses and up to a 9.5 percent premium assessment for individuals—only to publicly repudiate it.
Shelving his proposal, the Governor explained, “These are simply not tax rates that I can responsibly support or urge the Legislature to pass. In my judgment, the potential economic disruption and risks would be too great to small businesses, working families and the state’s economy.”
According to the New York Times, alternative designs were solicited from the Governor’s health care team, but “no one could come up with a plan to offer quality coverage at an affordable cost.” Per the Governor: “As we completed the financing modeling in the last several days, it became clear that the risk of economic shock is too high at this time to offer a plan I can responsibly support for passage in the Legislature. It was clear to me that the taxes required to replace health-care premiums with a publicly financed plan that would best serve Vermont are, in a word, enormous.”
The word is aptly chosen. The proposed “Green Mountain Care” would cost $4.3 billion its first year, rising to $5 billion by 2020 according to the Governor’s own estimates—in other words, about $7,650 per person. And even the high taxes required by the plan were insufficient; even with a ruinous 11.5 percent payroll tax and public premiums up to 9.5 percent, the program would run a deficit by year four.
That would have been on top of Vermont’s existing corporate income tax, with a top bracket of 8.5 percent applying to all business income above $25,000, and a top individual income tax rate of 8.95 percent. The state already ranks 46th on our State Business Tax Climate Index.
Predictably, advocates of universal health care are incensed, with some demanding that the plan move forward notwithstanding a chastened Governor’s objections. The experience, however, is instructive. Even Vermont politicians recognize that the tax hikes necessary to fund single-payer health care have the potential to spell economic disaster, and that’s saying something.
Was this page helpful to you?
The Tax Foundation works hard to provide insightful tax policy analysis. Our work depends on support from members of the public like you. Would you consider contributing to our work?Contribute to the Tax Foundation
Let us know how we can better serve you!
We work hard to make our analysis as useful as possible. Would you consider telling us more about how we can do better?Give Us Feedback