Minerva Studio, Adobe Stock
January 18, 2022

State Corporate Income Tax Rates and Brackets for 2022

Key Findings

  • Forty-four states levy a corporate income tax. Rates range from 2.5 percent in North Carolina to 11.5 percent in New Jersey.
  • Six states—Alaska, Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania—levy top marginal corporate income tax rates of 9 percent or higher.
  • Eleven states—Arizona, Colorado, Indiana, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Carolina, and Utah—have top rates at or below 5 percent.
  • Nevada, Ohio, Texas, and Washington impose gross receipts taxes instead of corporate income taxes. Gross receipts taxes are generally thought to be more economically harmful than corporate income taxes.
  • South Dakota and Wyoming are the only states that levy neither a corporate income nor gross receipts tax.

2022 State Corporate Tax Rates including State Corporate Income Tax Rates and Brackets Corporate Income Tax Rates and Brackets by State

Corporate income taxes are levied in 44 states and DC. Though often thought of as a major tax type, corporate income taxes accounted for an average of just 4.93 percent of state tax collections and 2.26 percent of state general revenue in fiscal year 2020.[1]

New Jersey levies the highest top statutory corporate tax rate at 11.5 percent, followed by Pennsylvania (9.99 percent) and Iowa and Minnesota (both at 9.8 percent). Two other states (Alaska and Illinois) impose rates greater than 9 percent.

Conversely, North Carolina’s flat rate of 2.5 percent is the lowest in the country, followed by rates in Missouri and Oklahoma (both at 4 percent) and North Dakota (4.31 percent). Seven other states impose top rates at or below 5 percent: Colorado (4.55 percent), Arizona and Indiana (4.9 percent), Utah (4.85 percent), and Kentucky, Mississippi, and South Carolina (5 percent).

Nevada, Ohio, Texas, and Washington forgo corporate income taxes but instead impose gross receipts taxes on businesses, which are generally thought to be more economically harmful due to tax pyramiding and nontransparency.[2] Delaware, Oregon, and Tennessee impose gross receipts taxes in addition to corporate income taxes, as do several states, like Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia, which permit gross receipts taxes at the local (but not state) level. South Dakota and Wyoming levy neither corporate income nor gross receipts taxes, and with the enactment of a budget which includes the multiyear phaseout of its corporate income tax, North Carolina is due to join them by 2030.[3]

Twenty-nine states and the District of Columbia have single-rate corporate tax systems. The greater propensity toward single-rate systems for corporate tax than individual income tax is likely because there is no meaningful “ability to pay” concept in corporate taxation. Jeffrey Kwall, professor of law at Loyola University Chicago School of Law, notes that:

Graduated corporate rates are inequitable—that is, the size of a corporation bears no necessary relation to the income levels of the owners. Indeed, low-income corporations may be owned by individuals with high incomes, and high-income corporations may be owned by individuals with low incomes.[4]

A single-rate system minimizes the incentive for firms to engage in economically wasteful tax planning to mitigate the damage of higher marginal tax rates that some states levy as taxable income rises.

Notable State Corporate Income Tax Changes in 2022

Several states implemented corporate income tax rate changes over the past year, among other revisions and reforms. Notable changes for tax year 2022 include:

  • Arkansas saw its previous top rate of 6.2 percent drop to 5.9 percent on January 1, as the final phase of tax reforms started in 2019 kicked in.
  • Florida’s corporate tax rate dropped to 3.353 percent in 2021 because its net income tax revenues exceeded projections that year. However, this reduction was only temporary, and the rate returned to 5.5 percent as of January 1.[5]
  • Among other reforms, Idaho’s legislature reduced the state’s corporate income tax from 6.925 percent to 6.0 percent.[6]
  • Indiana’s final scheduled rate reduction from 5.25 percent to 4.9 percent kicked in on July 1, 2021.[7]
  • Louisiana lawmakers’ comprehensive tax reform package, which was approved by voters, includes consolidating the state’s five corporate income tax brackets into three and reducing the top rate from 8 to 7.5 percent as of January 1, 2022.[8]
  • After increasing the exemption by $1,000 a year since 2018, Mississippi completed the phaseout of its 3 percent corporate income tax bracket as of January 1. The 4 and 5 percent brackets remain in place.[9]
  • Nebraska’s top marginal rate lowered from 7.81 to 7.5 percent as a result of Legislative Bill 432, with a further reduction to 7.25 percent scheduled for 2023.[10]
  • New Hampshire’s biennial budget reduced the state’s Business Profits Tax (BPT), its corporate income tax, from 7.7 to 7.6 percent. That same legislation also reduced the Business Enterprise Tax (BET)—which is similar to a value-added tax—from 0.6 to 0.55 percent.[11]
  • In addition to the previously flat rate of 6.5 percent, New York lawmakers created a second, higher corporate income tax bracket of 7.25 for companies making over $5 million.[12]
  • Oklahoma reduced its corporate income tax rate from 6 to 4 percent, tying Missouri for the second-lowest rate in the nation.[13]
State Corporate Income Tax Rates as of July 1, 2022
State Rates   Brackets
Alabama 6.5% > $0
Alaska 0.0% > $0
  2.0% > $25,000
  3.0% > $49,000
  4.0% > $74,000
  5.0% > $99,000
  6.0% > $124,000
  7.0% > $148,000
  8.0% > $173,000
  9.0% > $198,000
  9.4% > $222,000
Arizona 4.9% > $0
Arkansas 1.0% > $0
  2.0% > $3,000
  3.0% > $6,000
  5.0% > $11,000
  5.9% > $25,000
California 8.84% > $0
Colorado 4.55% > $0
Connecticut (a) 7.50% > $0
Delaware (b) 8.7% > $0
Florida 5.5% > $0
Georgia (c) 5.75% > $0
Hawaii 4.4% > $0
  5.4% > $25,000
  6.4% > $100,000
Idaho 6.0% > $0
Illinois. (d) 9.5% > $0
Indiana 4.9% > $0
Iowa 5.5% > $0
  9.0% > $100,000
  9.8% > $250,000
Kansas 4.0% > $0
  7.0% > $50,000
Kentucky 5.0% > $0
Louisiana 3.5% > $0
  5.5% > $50,000
  7.5% > $150,000
Maine 3.50% > $0
  7.93% > $350,000
  8.33% > $1,050,000
  8.93% > $3,500,000
Maryland 8.25% > $0
Massachusetts 8.0% > $0
Michigan 6.0% > $0
Minnesota 9.8% > $0
Mississippi (e) 4.0% > $5,000
  5.0% > $10,000
Missouri 4.0% > $0
Montana 6.75% > $0
Nebraska 5.58% > $0
  7.50% > $100,000
Nevada   (b)  
New Hampshire 7.6% > $0
New Jersey (f) 6.5% > $0
  7.5% > $50,000
  9.0% > $100,000
  11.5% > $1,000,000
New Mexico 4.8% > $0
  5.9% > $500,000
New York 6.50% > $0
  7.25% > $5,000,000
North Carolina 2.5% > $0
North Dakota 1.41% > $0
  3.55% > $25,000
  4.31% > $50,000
Ohio   (b)  
Oklahoma 4.0% > $0
Oregon (a) 6.6% > $0
  7.6% > $1,000,000
Pennsylvania 9.99% > $0
Rhode Island 7.0% > $0
South Carolina 5.0% > $0
South Dakota   None  
Tennessee (b) 6.5% > $0
Texas   (b)  
Utah 4.85% > $0
Vermont 6.0% > $0
  7.0% > $10,000
  8.5% > $25,000
Virginia 6.0% > $0
Washington   (b)  
West Virginia 6.5% > $0
Wisconsin 7.9% > $0
Wyoming   None  
Washington, D.C. 8.25% > $0

(a) Connecticut charges a 10% surtax on a business’s tax liability if it has gross proceeds of $100 million or more, or if it files as part of a combined unitary group. This surtax was recently extended and is scheduled to expire on January 1, 2023.

(b) Nevada, Ohio, Texas, and Washington do not have a corporate income tax but do have a gross receipts tax with rates not strictly comparable to corporate income tax rates. Delaware, Oregon, and Tennessee have gross receipts taxes in addition to corporate income taxes, as do several states like Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia, which permit gross receipts taxes at the local (but not state) level.

(c) Georgia’s corporate income tax rate will revert to 6% on January 1, 2026.

(d) Illinois’ rate includes two separate corporate income taxes, one at a 7% rate and one at a 2.5% rate. 

(e) Mississippi finished phasing out its 3 percent bracket at the start of 2022.

(f) In New Jersey, the rates indicated apply to a corporation’s entire net income rather than just income over the threshold. A temporary and retroactive surcharge is in effect from 2020 to 2023, bringing the rate to 11.5% for businesses with income over $1 million.

Note: In addition to regular income taxes, many states impose other taxes on corporations such as gross receipts taxes and capital stock taxes. Some states also impose an alternative minimum tax and special rates on financial institutions.

Sources: Tax Foundation; state tax statutes, forms, and instructions; Bloomberg Tax.


[1] U.S. Census Bureau, “2020 Annual Survey of State Government Finances Tables,” https://www.census.gov/data/tables/2020/econ/state/historical-tables.html.  

[2] Justin Ross, “Gross Receipts Taxes: Theory and Recent Evidence,” Tax Foundation, Oct. 6, 2016, https://taxfoundation.org/gross-receipts-taxes-theory-and-recent-evidence/.

[3] Katherine Loughead, “North Carolina Reinforces Its Tax Reform Legacy,” Tax Foundation, Dec. 3, 2021, https://www.taxfoundation.org/north-carolina-tax-reform-2021/.

[4] Jeffrey L. Kwall, “The Repeal of Graduated Corporate Tax Rates,” Tax Notes, June 27, 2011, 1395.

[5] Timothy Vermeer, “Florida Lawmakers Should Provide Certainty Around the State’s Corporate Income Tax Rate Reduction,” Tax Foundation, Oct. 1, 2021, https://www.taxfoundation.org/florida-corporate-income-tax/

[6] Katherine Loughead and Timothy Vermeer, “States Respond to Strong Fiscal Health with Income Tax Reforms,” July 15, 2021, https://www.taxfoundation.org/2021-state-income-tax-cuts/.

[7] Scott Drenkard, “Indiana’s 2014 Tas Package Continues State’s Pattern of Year Over Year Improvements,” Tax Foundation, Apr. 7, 2014, https://www.taxfoundation.org/indiana-s-2014-tax-package-continues-state-s-pattern-year-over-year-improvements/.

[8] Katherine Loughead and Timothy Vermeer, “States Respond to Strong Fiscal Health with Income Tax Reforms.”

[9] Joseph Bishop-Henchman, “Mississippi Approves Franchise Tax Phasedown, Income Tax Cut,” Tax Foundation, May 16, 2016, https://taxfoundation.org/mississippi-approves-franchise-tax-phasedown-income-tax-cut/.

[10] Katherine Loughead and Timothy Vermeer, “States Respond to Strong Fiscal Health with Income Tax Reforms.”

[11] Id.

[12] Janelle Cammenga and Jared Walczak, 2022 State Business Tax Climate Index, Tax Foundation, Dec. 16, 2021, https://files.taxfoundation.org/20211215173528/2022-State-Business-Tax-Climate-Index.pdf#page=6.

[13] Katherine Loughead and Timothy Vermeer, “States Respond to Strong Fiscal Health with Income Tax Reforms.”

Banner image attribution: Minerva Studio, Adobe Stock

A surtax is an additional tax levied on top of an already existing business or individual tax and can have a flat or progressive rate structure. Surtaxes are typically enacted to fund a specific program or initiative, whereas revenue from broader-based taxes, like the individual income tax, typically cover a multitude of programs and services.

A gross receipts tax is a tax applied to a company’s gross sales, without deductions for a firm’s business expenses, like costs of goods sold and compensation. Unlike a sales tax, a gross receipts tax is assessed on businesses and apply to business-to-business transactions in addition to final consumer purchases, leading to tax pyramiding.

An individual income tax (or personal income tax) is levied on the wages, salaries, investments, or other forms of income an individual or household earns. The U.S. imposes a progressive income tax where rates increase with income. The Federal Income Tax was established in 1913 with the ratification of the 16th Amendment. Though barely 100 years old, individual income taxes are the largest source of tax revenue in the U.S.

A corporate income tax (CIT) is levied by federal and state governments on business profits. Many companies are not subject to the CIT because they are taxed as pass-through businesses, with income reportable under the individual income tax.

The marginal tax rate is the amount of additional tax paid for every additional dollar earned as income. The average tax rate is the total tax paid divided by total income earned. A 10 percent marginal tax rate means that 10 cents of every next dollar earned would be taken as tax.

Taxable income is the amount of income subject to tax, after deductions and exemptions. For both individuals and corporations, taxable income differs from—and is less than—gross income.