President Unveils Jobs Bill Language; Tax Increases Total $400 Billion
September 12, 2011
Last week President Obama called on Congress to pass a package of proposal he referred to as the “American Jobs Act.” The text of the bill has just been made available (PDF version). A summary has also been provided (PDF here).
Tax components include:
- Section 101: Extends the existing payroll tax cut for another year and reduces it further. In 2010, employees and employers each paid 7.65 percent of an employee’s payroll. This year, employers pay 7.65 percent and employees pay 5.65 percent. The proposal would, for 2012 only, reduce the rates further to 4.55 percent both for employers and employees.
- Section 102: Provides a tax credit for employer payroll taxes owed for new hires or increased wages for 2012, up to a $50 million cap per employer.
- Section 111: Extends bonus depreciation for certain property through the end of 2012.
- Section 201: Tax credits for hiring veterans: Doubles the tax credit for hiring unemployed disabled veterans, from $4,800 to $9,600. Additional tax credits are created ($2,400 for hiring a veteran unemployed for at least 4 weeks; $5,600 for hiring a veteran unemployed for at least 6 months).
- Section 351: Tax credit for long-term unemployed: $4,000 tax credit to employers who hire someone who has been unemployed for at least 6 months.
- Section 401: Limits the ability of high-income taxpayers to take deductions, by reducing their value to a maximum 28 percent. (If a high-income taxpayer is in the 35 percent bracket, they can currently deduct charitable contributions, for example, at the 35 percent rate. This would reduce that deduction to 28 percent.)
- Section 411-412: Taxes certain partnership income as ordinary income instead of as a capital gain. More on that issue here.
- Section 421: Repeals the bonus depreciation deduction to those purchasing corporate jets, a provision enacted as part of the 2009 stimulus law.
- Section 431-442: Disallowal of a number of deductions for the oil and gas industry. We’ve previously written on why the foreign tax credit and the Section 199 deduction should not be considered “oil company loopholes.”
- Section 451: Increases the deficit target of the “super committee” to $1.95 trillion (up from $1.5 trillion).
The Hill reports that the tax increases in the bill total over $400 billion.
Additionally, the bill provides $88 billion in state and local aid, $2 billion for Amtrak, $5 billion for subsidized jobs for the low-income unemployed and youth, and sets up an “Infrastructure Bank” with $10 billion in initial funding.
Unemployment benefits would be extended another year under the bill, to early 2013. The bill also prohibits employers from discriminating against individuals for being unemployed, authorizing the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) to hear such discrimination complaints.