FATCA Makes Life Tough for Americans Who Live Abroad
May 14, 2015
The Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) – which became law in 2010 – just recently came into full effect. The results are frustrating for Americans living abroad as they struggle to find foreign banks willing to serve them.
Stu Haugen, an American who lives overseas, recently wrote in the New York Times:
Intended to crack down on people who stash taxable income abroad, the law requires foreign banks to identify American clients and report all of their financial account information, including transaction details on checking, savings, investment, pension, mortgage and insurance accounts, to the United States government. Banks and financial institutions that do not comply are subject to a 30 percent withholding tax on revenues generated in the United States, a crushing penalty in today’s cross-border financial markets.
The bureaucratic burden of identifying, verifying and reporting has caused many banks to regard American clients, particularly those of moderate means, as more trouble than they are worth. Middle-class Americans living abroad are losing bank accounts and home mortgages and, in some cases, having their retirement savings exposed to debilitating taxes and penalties.
Haugen shares examples of a couple in Switzerland that was told they would lose their mortgage, a businessman in Brazil would was passed over for promotion at work, and a couple in Australia who were told their bank account would be cancelled.
International tax laws such as FATCA have led to a number of Americans giving up their U.S. citizenship, so they can live normal lives abroad. In fact, a record number of 1,335 Americans living abroad gave up their citizenship in the first three months of 2015.
It's unfortunate. A well structure tax code shouldn’t push U.S. citizens to make that choice.
Was this page helpful to you?
The Tax Foundation works hard to provide insightful tax policy analysis. Our work depends on support from members of the public like you. Would you consider contributing to our work?Contribute to the Tax Foundation
Let us know how we can better serve you!
We work hard to make our analysis as useful as possible. Would you consider telling us more about how we can do better?Give Us Feedback