Regular readers of Tax Foundation reports know that we publish estimates of the distributional impact of federal tax changes: that is, we estimate how a tax reform might affect the after-tax incomes of taxpayers at...
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- The Simple Case for Tax Neutrality
The Simple Case for Tax Neutrality
At their best, taxes are broad-based and neutral, meaning that they do not favor certain kinds of economic activity over others. But in practice, taxes often end up being non-neutral. Well-meaning legislators decide, for example, that essential needs should have lower taxes in order to make them just a little bit less of a burden on the poor.
Adjustments to a small tax don’t really make poverty much less burdensome. Raising incomes through general prosperity or reduced taxes is a much more effective way to fight poverty than arbitrarily adjusting the after-tax prices of some goods by five percent and others by zero percent.
The most tangible result of these well-meaning ideas is this sort of madness, where everyone gets befuddled over the precise definition of a candy bar, and wonders whether serving rolls with napkins makes them taxable or not.
Candies are less healthful than a balanced nutritious diet. Dining at restaurants may be a luxury. But the tax code is not an efficient way to express these sorts of sentiments.
When states give preferential rates of sales tax to certain goods, the most visible result is the legal bonanza that follows from trying to re-categorize goods into the preferred groupings. This is drama we could do without.
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About the Tax Policy Blog
The Tax Policy Blog is the official blog of the Tax Foundation, a non-partisan, non-profit research organization that has monitored tax policy at the federal, state and local levels since 1937. Our economists welcome your feedback. If you would like to send an e-mail to the author of a blog post, please click on that person's name to locate his or her e-mail address or visit our staff page here.