The Cleveland income tax (which stacks on top of the Ohio state income tax) has stood at 2 percent for 34 years. Cleveland City Council President Kevin Kelley—with backing from the mayor and some other council members—...
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- Colorado Amendment 66 Increases Taxes on Important Colora...
Colorado Amendment 66 Increases Taxes on Important Colorado Employers
Last week, we put out a report on some of the effects of Colorado’s Amendment 66, which would increase the state’s individual income tax rate, in addition to moving it from a single rate system to a two-bracket system. In its first year, it would raise taxes by nearly $1 billion.
In our analysis, we pointed out an interesting research piece completed by Ernst & Young LLC in 2011, which discussed various aspects of pass-through business taxation. Pass-through businesses pay taxes on their business income through the individual income tax, rather than the corporate income tax. The report found that 57 percent of private sector employment in Colorado was at pass-through entities. Since they pay individual income taxes, Amendment 66 increases taxes on them all.
Because of this, hiking individual income taxes can have a big effect on business, even if proponents of these tax increases claim it won’t. According to the U.S. Small Business Administration (as described in our recent report), 64 percent of new domestic jobs created between 1993 and 2011 were from small firms. What’s more, “[s]mall businesses produced 46 percent of the private nonfarm gross domestic product (GDP) in 2008 (the most recent year for which the source data are available to make these estimates).”
The Small Business Administration isn’t alone in this assertion that small business job creation is an important driver of economic growth. In fact, the Colorado Governor’s Office of State Planning and Budgeting noted:
New and young firms are a leading source of new jobs for the economy. Thus, the proportion of a state’s employment in new and young firms correlates highly with a state’s overall employment growth, meaning that higher levels of entrepreneurial activity are closely associated with higher levels of employment growth.
And when small businesses across the U.S. are polled, taxes are a significant concern for them. This trend is prevalent in Colorado, too—recent polling indicates that the large majority of independent businesses within the state oppose the tax increases that are included in Amendment 66.
Taxes matter to small businesses, and small businesses matter for economic growth, despite claims that they don’t.
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