This morning, the office of House Speaker Paul Ryan released a blueprint for tax reform that would overhaul major components of the U.S. tax code and lower taxes for households and businesses. The key details of the plan...
- The Tax Policy Blog
- California Balking at Tax Uniformity Rules It Agreed To
California Balking at Tax Uniformity Rules It Agreed To
The Multistate Tax Commission (MTC) is a collection of 19 states that seek uniformity and cooperation in tax laws, particularly the state corporate income tax. The MTC came about in 1967 when Congress threatened to impose uniformity on how states divvied up corporate profits for the corporate income tax (“apportionment”); under this threat, the states hammered out a uniform rule on their own.
But not for long: today, as the MTC itself admits, “39 of the 47 states with a corporate income tax” have abandoned this original uniform formula. States, pressured by in-state businesses, have modified their tax rules to measure taxes owed by sales in a state rather than property or employees, as had been done in the past.
One company dusted off its copy of the MTC compact and found that it gives taxpayers in MTC member states the option to use the old uniform apportionment formula rather than whatever formula might be in state law. California is an MTC member state, and the Gillette Company says it wants to use that old uniform formula even though it’s not authorized by state law.
Tax Analysts today has an excellent piece reviewing the case and the arguments in it. California strenuously argues that the MTC compact was never approved by Congress, so therefore it cannot supersede state law. (To be on the safe side, California is quickly working to withdraw from the MTC, a serious move since the state is its largest funder.) MTC predictably sided with California, contorting itself to downplay the importance of uniformity and the relevance of language in its own founding document. Other multistate compacts have sided with Gillette, worried about letting a state get away with unilaterally changing the terms of a compact.
The California appellate decision is expected anytime this summer, and appeals to the California Supreme Court and even the U.S. Supreme Court may follow. However it shakes out, it shows that whatever lip service state tax officials give to bringing about uniformity and simplification, they shirk from it whenever it means actual changes to how a state does things. With state tax officials clamoring for more authority to tax interstate business income and sales, Congressionally-mandated simplification efforts (and not just vague state-enforced promises of uniformity) need to be a part of the mix.
Get Email Updates from the Tax Foundation
We will never sell or share your information with third parties.
Join the Tax Foundation's fight for sound tax policy Go
About the Tax Policy Blog
The Tax Policy Blog is the official blog of the Tax Foundation, a non-partisan, non-profit research organization that has monitored tax policy at the federal, state and local levels since 1937. Our economists welcome your feedback. If you would like to send an e-mail to the author of a blog post, please click on that person's name to locate his or her e-mail address or visit our staff page here.